NAC News – Edition 427
Your weekly national and international naval news for the week of September 17th, 2021
Edition – 427 “It is much easier being an insurgent or a revolutionary than being a governor… The Taliban is an extraordinarily competent, sophisticated, and successful insurgency… But it’s still nonetheless very unprepared to be running a country like Afghanistan in the 21st century.” 3 September 2021, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Horns of a Dilemma podcast from War on the Rocks and Texas National Security Review
Rod Hughes, Editor NAC News email@example.com (Comments welcome to help improve this service).
Links to keep in touch with the NAC and RCN can be found at the bottom of this email.
- NEW Wednesday 29 September 2021, 11 am (Vancouver time) NABC virtual event “Thoughts on Afghanistan” with guest speaker the former Ambassador to Afghanistan VAdm Glenn Davidson. If you plan to attend this presentation as a member of NABC or NAC, or are not a member, please email King Wan at firstname.lastname@example.org by Monday 27 September 2021. You will be admitted to the zoom meeting on the day of the presentation.
- UPDATE 19-20 October 2021 – Arctic Workshop/Conference – Due to pandemic restrictions the two-day workshop in Halifax that was planned for 19-20 October has been postponed until next spring or early summer. Details to follow.
- NEW 28-29 October 2021 0800-1700 (Ottawa time) Deep Blue Forum: Canadian submarine design and technology considerations: today and 20 years into the future. Keynote speaker Dr. Norman Friedman. A virtual event, to register http://vanguardcanada.com/deepblue2021
THIS WEEK’S SIGNIFICANT ARTICLES
- UN chief: World is at `pivotal moment’ and must avert crises
- Going nuclear: PM to announce $90b French submarine deal is dead and Australia goes nuclear – Australia to obtain nuclear submarines as part of new global alliance and Naval Group responds to Future Submarines overhaul then France’s Naval Group ‘disappointed’ plus France Reacts With Anger to News of U.S.-Australia Submarine Deal
- Minister compares CCP action with 1930s (Editor – Australian Defence Minister speech. Editor’s question – so why is Canada sleep walking while the Australians are into a run? Have we missed something?)
- HMCS Shawinigan home after successful Op Caribbe
- Canada left out as U.S., U.K., Australia strike deal to counter China
- CDAI Election Resource Centre (Editor – useful links to party platforms)
- Royal Canadian Legion: Culture and conduct within the CAF
- Vance will not face military service charges; source cites his four-star rank (Editor – 2:22 min video included) and Case against former top general Jonathan Vance adjourned until October
- U.S. Senator Murkowski Planning Legislation To Permanently Exempt Alaska Cruises From The Passenger Vessel Services Act and “Devastating new bid for cruise ships to bypass Victoria permanently
- Hurricane Larry Producing High Seas of 47+ Feet
- North America’s 1st all-electric car ferries start voyage home
- Itn’l Inuit org approves report on ethical engagement with Indigenous knowledge
USA & AMERICAS
- USNI News Fleet and Marine Tracker: Sept. 13, 2021
- Chinese Warships Sailing Near Alaska’s Aleutian Islands Shadowed By U.S. Coast Guard (Updated)
- Why the US is preparing undersea
- CNO Hosts International Heads of Navy and Coast Guard for 24th International Seapower Symposium in Newport
- Norweigan Frigate HNoMS Fridtjof Nansen Arrives in Norfolk Ahead of Operations with U.S. Carrier Strike Group
- Report to Congress on Columbia-class Ballistic Missile Submarine Program
- USAF Developing Amphibious C-130J Super Hercules Aircraft
- Why on Earth do we need “Flying Missile Rails?”
- ‘Great News’ For Great Lakes as House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee Approves $1 Billion for U.S. Coast Guard Infrastructure, Heavy Icebreaker
- Navy releases more details on what caused last week’s fatal helicopter crash
- USS Sioux City deploys to support counter-narcotics operations
- How Are Nuclear-Powered Carriers Refueled? #shorts (Editor – 59 sec video)
- Record Number of Ships at Southern California Ports and Congestion Just Keeps Getting Worse At America’s Top Ports but New Records Set Daily for Number of Ships at Los Angeles and Long Beach Ports
- Aukus: UK, US and Australia pact signals Asia-Pacific power shift and No nuclear weapons: defence chiefsand The case for developing joint US, UK and Australian nuclear refuelling facilities in summing up Lessons from the UK in Australia’s move to acquire nuclear-powered submarines
- Australia To Procure Tomahawk And Hypersonic Missiles
- In Chinese eyes, ‘British are bastards’ (Editor – for perspective)
- Hyten: China’s ‘Unprecedented Nuclear Modernization’ Chief Concern (Editor – not a maritime article but wide ranging and of immense importance – a 1:01:30 hr video included)
- Stealthy Chinese Destroyer May Be Provoking Japan
- Report to Congress on Chinese Naval Modernization
- China Denies German Navy Port Entry
- China Adds Powerful New Ship to Maritime Patrol Fleet
- South China Sea: Beijing ramps up drills and tests its ability to seize an island
- Japan Spots Chinese Sub Just Outside Territorial Waters
- North and South Korea test ballistic missiles hours apart
- PLA warships sail in waters between Taiwan island, Japan
- CIMSEC: Sea Control 276 – India’s strategy for the Indian Ocean region with Dr. Rohan Mukherjee (Editor – 25:14 min podcast)
- CSG21: HMS Queen Elizabeth Docks In Guam
- Japan, Vietnam sign defense transfer deal amid China worries
- Naval Group takes next step with Australia but its position is still in danger
- Sea trade: concentrating on the essentials
- South Korea’s DSME Wins Contract For 2nd KSS-III Batch-II Submarine
- China Ports Brace For Super Typhoon Chanthu and Ports Close As China Upgrades Typhoon Chanthu To ‘Highest Level’
- Indonesia Sends Navy Ship to Tail Chinese Survey Ship, Data Show
- China’s Ban on Australian Coal Reshapes Key Dry Bulk Market and China’s trade war an own goal
- Evergreen orders 24 containerships
- EU must step up and build defence – von der Leyen
- Karel Doorman-class frigate Leopold I to join Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 and Warships begin to arrive in Glasgow (Editor – note HMCS Fredericton)
- NATO Sea Guardian maritime security operations resume
- Significant drop in number of ‘militarily useful’ British vessels
- Radical New Stealth Submarine, Type-212CD, Will Be Much Larger (Editor – here is a boat to look at)
- DSEI 2021 day 1: Sea Breaker, Sea Serpent, New OPVs and the Cube (Editor – 15:13 min video)
- DSEI 2021: CAMM To Up Firepower For Type 45 Destroyers
- iXblue at DSEI 2021 (Editor – iXblue showcasing portfolio of navigation systems in a 4:48 video)
- DSEI 2021: Babcock Introduces Arrowyard
- Royal Navy warship heads for repairs after four years in port
- BAE unveil torpedo carrying heavy-lift T-650 drone
- Former New Zealand Navy Patrol Vessel Seized in Cocaine Bust
- USS Porter Begins Fleet Operational Sea Training
- Royal Navy ‘ghost ship’ HMS Monmouth returns to Portsmouth to face an uncertain future
- U.K. Royal Marines Want to Acquire Autonomous Hybrid Surface, Subsurface Stealth Vessel = SubSea Craft’s Victa diver delivery craft enters the water
- Royal Navy reveals high-tech vision for future, with drones and wind power
- Russian spy ship ‘Yantar’ in English channel
- 1,428 dolphins killed on Faroe Islands in traditional hunt
- Unmanned submarine earmarked for Irish Sea freight crossings
- In Strategic Win For Russia, Nord Stream 2 Pipeline is Fully Complete
- Carrier USS Ronald Reagan Leaves Middle East After Almost 3 Months; Essex ARG, 11th MEU Enters the Persian Gulf
- Essex Amphibious Ready Group Now in Middle East, Iwo Jima ARG Heading Home
- With eye on Iran, Israeli navy steps up Red Sea presence
- DSEI 2021: IAI Integrates Barak MX Interceptors On Sa’ar 6 Corvettes
- Indian and Egyptian navies conduct exercise
- Over a Dozen LNG Carriers Line Up in Qatar to Feed Hungry Buyers
- Tanker Carrying Iranian Fuel for Lebanon Arrives in Baniyas
- IFAN Invests $1.2 Million to Future-Proof Safe Navigation in Middle East
- EU NavFor Atalanta on HRA reduction
- Iran plans to build another long-range mobile forward base, conduct new trans-oceanic missions
- UK calls for zero global shipping emissions by 2050 and Maersk CEO Says Construction of Fossil Fueled Ships Should Be Banned
- 2M Blanks Sailings, Taking Angry Shippers by Surprise
- Why even giant ships can’t solve the shipping crisis
Editor – A NAC member Fraser McKee made a comment by email after seeing a YouTube video: “Being a ‘TAS’ (torpedo & anti-submarine) long course specialist, CAPT Johnny Walker is a particular hero of mine. His 2 Escort Groups were eventually credited with sinking 23 U-boats, 7 by Walker himself commanding the successful ship, and he died in mid-1944.” I couldn’t locate the specific video Fraser addressed but I did find these three videos that capture the essence:
- Frederic John Walker (Editor – a video but really a 15:20 min account)
- U-Boat Killers (1944) (Editor – 3:04 min video)
- Captain Walker’s Burial At Sea (1944) (Editor – silent and poignant 2:36 min video)
- Ships’ Figureheads Revealed (Editor – 57 min The Mariner’s Mirror podcast)
SIGNIFICANT RCN DATES – SEPTEMBER
(If you see any omissions or errors, please inform me, and any more modern significant dates are also welcomed. The list draws primarily from the Directory of History and Heritage’s comprehensive “Significant Dates in Canadian Military History”, the now defunct “Canada Channel”, “Legion Magazine”, historical website “The Second World War – A Day by Day Account”, and Roger Litwiller’s excellent web site, encyclopedic guidance from Fraser McKee, and anywhere else I can find credible information)
- 1 September 1939 RCN, RCNR, RCNVR placed on active service.
- 1 September 1942 HMCS Morden commanded by Lt John J. Hodgkinson, RCNR sank the German submarine U-756 in the Atlantic.
- 1 September 1944 HMCS Saint John commanded by A/LCdr William R. Stacey, DSC, RCNR with HMCS Swansea commanded by CDR A. Frank C. Layard, DSO, RN sank U-Boat 247 off Land’s End, England. This was HMCS Swansea’s fourth submarine under two separate CO’s.
- 3 September 1814 Lieutenant Miller Worsley and Andrew Bulger lead 77 men by canoe north from Wasaga Beach, Ontario, captures American warship USS Tigress at anchor in False Detour Channel, about 88 km northeast of Mackinac Island; then go after USS Scorpion, which they capture September 5.
- 3 September 1939 Battle of the Atlantic begins as a female merchant sailor Hannah Baird of Verdun, Québec sees her ship, Donaldson liner SS Athenia torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat west of Ireland on route to Montréal, one week before Canada declared war and one week after the merchant service and military were placed on a war alert. The sinking kills 188 of those aboard, including Biards and three other Canadians, the first Canadian casualties of the Second World War.
- 3 September 1939 Britain declares war on Germany two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland; France follows 6 hours later, and then Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada on week later. On September 5, 1939, the United States will proclaim neutrality.
- 3 September 1940 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces Lend Lease Programme, where 50 American destroyers will be traded to Britain, of which 7 go to Canada, in exchange for leases on naval and air bases in the British colonies, including St. John’s, Newfoundland, and Bermuda; Canada also agrees to shelter the destroyers in Canadian ports before they are handed over to British crews.
- 3 September 1942 World War II – HMCS Shawinigan and HMCS Trail together pick up 17 survivors from the Canadian merchant ship Donald Stewart that was torpedoed and sunk northeast of Cape Whittle in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in position 50°32’N, 58°46’W by German U-boat U-517.
- 3 September 1943 Canadian flotillas of landing craft engaged in the crossing of the Straits of Messina – the invasion of Italy.
- 3 September 2016 – Franklin Expedition – Parks Canada and the Arctic Research Foundation find the underwater wreck of Sir John Franklin’s flagship HMS Terror; it is “in pristine condition”, north of where the wreck of HMS Erebus — the expedition’s flagship — was found in 2014.
- 4 September 1990 Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces formation of Operation Scimitar, to provide air cover for the two destroyers and the supply ship sent to the Persian Gulf in late August of 1991 as part of Operation Friction, tasked with enforcing the United Nations trade blockade against Iraq.
- 5 September 1814 Lt (RN) Miller Worsley, flying captured American colours in the USS Tigress, takes the USS Scorpion at anchor after fierce hand-to-hand fighting; sails both ships west to Fort Michilimackinac.
- 5 September 1918 The Royal Canadian Naval Air Service is authorized and begins operations in Nova Scotia.
- 6 September 1940 HMS Duchess arrives in Halifax harbour, bringing the members of the Tizard Mission and a black metal box containing, amongst other things, six examples of the cavity magnetron. This would later be described as “the most important cargo to reach our (i.e. North American) shores”.
- 6 September 1940 The USN destroyers USS Aaron Ward (DD-132), USS Buchanan (DD-131), USS Crowninshield (DD-134), USS Hale (DD-133), USS Abel P. Upshur (DD-193), USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195), USS Herndon (DD-198) and USS Welles (DD-257) arrive at Halifax, Nova Scotia. These are the first of the “flushdeck” destroyers to be transferred under the “Destroyers-For-Bases” deal. Contrary to popular opinion, none of the eight ships to be transferred were taken directly from reserve status and handed over to the RN. All eight ships had been recommissioned at least during 1939 and all had been engaged in operations on the neutrality patrols. Two ships were recommissioned considerably earlier and had served for extended periods with both the US Atlantic and Pacific Fleets: Crowninshield (1930) and Buchanan (1934). All eight destroyers were decommissioned from the USN on 09 Sep and commissioned into the RN on the same day. USS Crowninshield was commissioned as HMS Chelsea (I35). She reached Devonport, England, on 28 Sep 1940 and was assigned to the Sixth Escort Group, Western Approaches Command, for local escort duty. In Nov 42, Chelsea became one of eight ‘flushdeckers’ lent to the RCN. She served with Canadian forces until the Dec 43, operated with both the Mid-Ocean Escort Force and Western Escort Forces. Chelsea returned to Londonderry, Northern Ireland, on 26 Dec 43 and, in early 44, was reduced to reserve status in the Tyne estuary. On 16 Jul 44, she was transferred to Russia and renamed Derskni.
- 7 September 1816 Steamship Frontenac launched at Bath, west of Kingston; first steam powered vessel on the Great Lakes.
- 7 September 1942 HMCS Raccoon Torpedoed and sunk by U 165, while escorting convoy QS.33 in the St. Lawrence River. There were no survivors. 37 perished.
- 7 September 1943 HMS Nabob (an aircraft carrier) is commissioned into the Royal Navy with a Canadian crew and a Royal Air Force complement.
- 7 September 1955 HMCS Sioux sails home from the U.S. naval base at Yokosuka, Japan, ending the Royal Canadian Navy’s involvement in the Korean War.
- 8 September 1939 Mackenzie King says no to conscription; stresses munitions-making, and building up RCN and RCAF.
- 9 September 1919 Alexander Graham Bell sees his HD-4 hydrofoil, powered by twin aircraft engines, reach a new world water speed record of 122 kph; piloted by J.A.D. McCurdy at Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
- 9 September 1942 War Cabinet closes the St. Lawrence River to all Allied shipping except coasters; due to German U-Boat submarine dangers.
- 9 September 1944 HMCS Dunver commanded by A/LCdr William Davenport, RCNR, and HMCS Hespeler commanded by LCdr Neville S.C. Dickinson, RCNVR sank the German submarine U-484 in Hebridean waters.
- 10 September 1814 Kingston naval dockyard launches the 112 gun HMS St. Lawrence, the largest warship ever to sail the Great Lakes; carrying more armament than Admiral Nelson’s Victory.
- 10 September 1939 Canada declares war on Germany
- 10 September 1941 HMCS Chambly commanded by CDR James D. Prentice, RCN, and HMCS Moose Jaw commanded by LT Frederick E. Grubb, RCN sank the German submarine U-501 off the coast of Greenland. This is the first U-boat kill made by the Royal Canadian Navy.
- 11 September 1833 – Quebec-built steamship ‘Royal William’ reaches England safely; the wooden paddle wheeler is the first ship to cross the Atlantic under steam all the way, although sails are raised whenever the wind is fresh; the two steam engines are kept running, but the ship goes slowly under sail because of the drag from the paddle wheels.
- 11 September 1942 HMCS Charlottetown was torpedoed and sunk in the St. Lawrence, near Cap Chat Quebec, by U517. She had just delivered a convoy to Rimouski and was returning to Gaspe. Ten of her ship’s company were lost.
- 12 September 1759 Admiral Saunders bombards Beauport and feigns a landing to divert attention away from Wolfe’s landing below the Plains of Abraham.
- 12 September 1846 Franklin Expedition ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror are trapped in ice in Victoria Strait.
- 12 September 1940 Canada’s cabinet introduces Order In Council P.C. 4751, giving Canadian authorities power to imprison disobedient foreign seamen from non-Canadian ships in Canadian ports.
- 13 September 1750 General Wolf’s forces conducted an amphibious assault and stormed the cliffs of Quebec City and defeated the French. This battle marked the beginning of the end of France’s rule in North America.
- 13 September 1942 HMCS Ottawa sunk by U91 who hit her with two torpedoes in the North Atlanta while she was escorting convoy ON.127. 113 of her Ship’s Company were lost, plus 6 RN seaman, and 22 merchant seamen.
- 14 September 1940 The Ex-Servicemen’s General Assembly of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the two French islands located about 15 miles (24 kilometers) off the coast of Newfoundland, announces its support for General Charles DeGaulle. The British Foreign Office sends note to Ottawa, urging the Canadian government to support the movement. Canadians decline to act, and the islands Vichy governor dissolves the veterans league.
- 14 September 1942 500 km east of Newfoundland, German U-Boat U-91 torpedoes and sinks RCN River Class destroyer HMCS Ottawa (A/LCdr Clark Anderson Rutherford, RCN) in the North Atlantic, while escorting convoy ON-127; hit by two torpedoes, she blows up and sinks immediately; 113 of her ship’s company are lost, plus 6 RN seaman and 22 merchant seamen; there are 69 survivors; Battle of the Atlantic growing in intensity.
- 15 September 1940 Single men aged between 21 and 24 are called up.
- 16 September 1939 – The first convoy of the war—designated HX-1—leaves Halifax for the United Kingdom. Eighteen merchant ships are escorted by HMCS Saguenay and HMCS St. Laurent to a North Atlantic rendezvous with Royal Navy cruisers.
- 16 September 1942 The first of sixteen RCN corvettes sails for the Mediterranean Sea to take part in the North African landings (Operation Torch).
- 17 September 1904 – Captain Joseph Bernier departs from Québec on the Canadian government steamship ‘Arctic’; given the command because of his interest in the Polar regions (he had devised a plan to reach the North Pole via the Bering Strait); will make 12 expeditions into polar seas in the next 20 years; he will spend the winter in Hudson Bay collecting Canadian customs duties from whalers and traders. Québec, Québec
- 19 September 1940 HMCS Bras D’or sank in a storm in the St. Lawrence with the loss of all 30 hands.
- 19 September 1941 German U-74 torpedoes and sinks RCN Flower Class corvette HMCS Lévis 200 km off Cape Farewell, Greenland; 18 lives are lost.
- 19 September 1969 Ottawa to reorganize Canadian Armed Forces; 50% cut in NATO manpower; retirement of RCN aircraft carrier HMCS Bonaventure.
- 20 September 1943 German U-boat U-305, using a new acoustic torpedo (GNAT), hits and sinks RCN Town Class destroyer HMCS St. Croix, while she is escorting convoy ON.202, south of Iceland; 65 members of the ship’s company perish; five officers and 76 men are rescued by HMS Itchen, however, only two days later, the Itchen is also torpedoed by an enemy submarine; only one St. Croix sailor, Stoker W. Fisher, survives the two sinkings; one of the men lost was Surgeon Lt W. L. M. King, RCNVR, Prime Minister Mackenzie King’s nephew.
- 20 September 1917 Borden government passes the Military Voters Act and Wartime Elections Act, giving the vote to soldiers and sailors under 21, and serving women; wives, widows, mothers, and sisters of servicemen also get the vote; the first women ever to be able to vote in Canadian federal elections
- 21 Sept 1943 In 24 hours, Canadian and British minesweepers cleared a lane through a minefield laid by U-boats off Halifax. No lives were lost.
- 22 September 1917 Flight Sub Lieutenant N.A. Magor, the Canadian pilot of a large American flying boat sank the UC 72 in the North Sea with direct hits by two 230 lb bombs. This was one of a few submarines destroyed by air action during WW1.
- 23 September 1940 The second group of eight “overage” USN destroyers to be turned over to the RN in exchange for bases in the Western Hemisphere are transferred to RN crews at Halifax, Nova Scotia. USS Abbot (DD-184), commissioned as HMS Charlestown (I-21), USS Foote (DD-169), commissioned as HMS Roxborough (I-07), USS Hopewell (DD-181), commissioned as HMS Bath (I-17), and USS Doran (DD-185), commissioned as HMS St Marys ( I-12), USS Maddox (DD-168), commissioned as HMS Georgetown (I-40), USS Thomas (DD-182), commissioned as HMS St Albans (I-15), and USS Kalk (DD-170), commissioned as HMCS Hamilton (I-24), as part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 24 September 1940 The third group of 6 overage USN destroyers exchanged for bases in the Western Hemisphere are turned over to the RCN at Halifax, Nova Scotia. USS Bancroft (DD-256), commissioned as HMCS St Francis (I-93) USS McCook (DD-252), commissioned as HMCS St Croix (I-81), and USS Haraden (DD-183), commissioned as HMCS Columbia (I-49), part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 24 September 1941 Canada joins eight other allied governments in pledging support to the Atlantic Charter, an eight-point declaration issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
- 24 September 1955 HMCS Sioux returns to Esquimalt, the last ship of the RCN to return from the Korean conflict.
- 24 September 1965 – Military RCN commissions HMCS Ojibwa, first of three 2000-ton RCN Oberon class submarines. Chatham, England
- 25 September 1940 Canadian armed merchantman Prince Robert captures German ship Weser off Mexican coast. The German freighter is taken into the Canadian merchant service, renamed SS Vancouver Island.
- 26 September 1940 USS Thatcher (DD-162), commissioned as HMCS Niagara (I-57), part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 27 September 1854 Steamship Arctic sinks off Cape Race, Newfoundland with 300 people on board after colliding with the 250-ton French iron propeller ship S.S. Vesta; the 3,000-ton side-wheeler was the largest and most splendid ship of the Collins Line (United States Mail Steamship Company) in competition with Samuel Cunard’s Royal Mail Steam Packet Company; casualties include 92 of her 153 officers and men, and all the women and children on board, including the wife, the only daughter, and the youngest son of shipowner E. K. Collins; first great disaster involving an Atlantic Ocean liner.
- 27 September HMCS Labrador arrives in Esquimalt via the Artic. She was the first naval ship and the first deep draught vessel of any kind to traverse the North West Passage.
- 27 September 1994 US Navy closes Argentia submarine detection base; last US military base in Canada.
- 29 September 1940 USS Mackenzie (DD-175), commissioned as HMCS Annapolis (I-04), and USS Williams (DD-108), commissioned as HMCS St Clair (I-65), part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 30 September 1939 Presentation of the King’s Colour to the RCN in Victoria BC. The first occasion that the Colour was personally presented by the ruling sovereign to a naval force outside the British Isles. The Commanding Officer on the West Coast was Captain (later RAdm) Victor G. Brodeur, the Royal Guard was commanded by LCdr (later RAdm) E.P. Tisdall, and the Colour Officer was Lt. (later RAdm) J.C. Hibbard.
- 30 September 1994 Halifax-class frigate HMCS Regina is commissioned in Saint John, New Brunswick.
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