NAC News – Edition 425
Your weekly national and international naval news for the week of September 3rd, 2021
Edition – 425 “Pakistan’s next move – who first recognizes the Taliban government – that will really define what camp it falls into. It will have to calibrate this very carefully if it doesn’t want to repeat being thought of on this ‘other side’ camp, relative to the U.S.” 18 August 2021, Madiha Afzal, Politico
Fellow Members: Rod Hughes, Editor NAC News firstname.lastname@example.org
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Links to keep in touch with the NAC and RCN can be found at the bottom of this email
19-20 October 2021 – Arctic Workshop/Conference – Halifax. NAC and the Brian Mulroney Institute of Government at StFX, in partnership with the RCN, will host a two-day workshop in Halifax tentatively scheduled for 19-20 October. The theme will be “Arctic Maritime Partnerships – Options and Opportunities for Cooperation in the North American Arctic”.
Spring 2022 – Canadian Naval Memorial Trust (CNMT) Friends. In 2005, Trustee Ray Soucie organized a group to attend commemorative ceremonies of the Battle of the Atlantic in Londonderry/Derry, Northern Ireland (NI). The pilgrimage was well received by both the CNMT and the Londonderry Branch of the Royal Naval Association (RNA). COVID interrupted the 2020 gathering but think about 2022 in Ireland. The RNA hosts have adjusted their programme so that we can attend our home ceremony, earlier in May. Interested in attending, please give Pat a call at 902-462-3089 or email at email@example.com
THIS WEEK’S SIGNIFICANT ARTICLES
- Do not take the war on terror’s big success for granted and The graveyard of empires
- One Rescued, Five Injured, Five Missing in Carrier-Based Heli Crash
- Global Sea Level Was Highest On Record for 2020
- Colombian Navy Seizes 1.8 Tonnes of Cocaine From Semisubmersible
- Enough ships?
- Why Canada failed to rescue ‘a hell of a lot more’ Afghans, according to former generals
- Devoted WENGTECH crowned Sailor of the Year
- CDAI Election Resource Centre
- Veteran’s Service Cards Rolling Out
USA & AMERICAS
- USNI News Fleet and Marine Tracker: Aug 30, 2021
- HASC Passes NDAA That Boosts Shipbuilding, Authorizes 13 Battleforce Ships
- American Naval Dominance Is Not a Birthright
- The effect of costs on the Zumwalt-class destroyer project (Editor – “you can make a silk purse from a sows ear!”)
- French submarine FNS Améthyste visits U.S. Navy in Groton
- USS Tripoli completes final contract trials
- The U.S. Air Force works on sinking warships with only a JDAM
- Submarine to be first Navy ship named after Utah since Pearl Harbor
- Navy Celebrates Commissioning of USS Vermont (SSN 792)
- Report to Congress on Constellation-class Frigate Program (FFG-62)
- What is the World’s Largest Aircraft Carrier? #Shorts (Editor – 59 sec video)
- Naval Flight Officers’ Unmanned Future – Semiautonomous aviation platforms may mean more work, not less, for “backseaters.”
- Will The U.S. Navy Replace The Destroyers’ Harpoon Anti-Ship Missiles With Naval Strike Missiles?
- BAE Systems Unveils World’s First Military GPS Underwater Navigation System
- Record Volumes And Difficulties For Container Ports On U.S. Coasts
- South America’s drought-hit Paraná river at 77-year low
- China flexes sea power with new foreign ship law and China to require foreign vessels to report in ‘territorial waters’ plus China’s foreign ship law stokes South China Sea tensions
- Afghanistan: How do the Taliban make money? (Editor – not maritime stories but a useful explanation and Afghanistan’s mineral wealth a challenge to tap)
- 6 Naval Task Groups From U.S., U.K., India, Japan and Australia Underway in Pacific
- U.S. Marine F-35Bs to Operate off Largest Japanese Warship Later This Year
- CSG21: HMS Queen Elizabeth Hosts Black Hawks During Pacific Deployment
- UK gunboat diplomacy fires blanks at China and S. Korean navy conducts training with British aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth in East Sea (Editor – 43 sec video included) then South Korea’s HHI And Babcock Ink Strategic Alliance For CVX Aircraft Carrier
- HMS Queen Elizabeth is expected to call on Yokosuka Naval Base during Japan visit
- Why Great Navies Collapse (And Whether China’s Could Be Next)
- U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard Transit Taiwan Strait and China Protests U.S. Navy and Coast Guard in Taiwan Strait
- New pictures released of the Chinese Type 003 aircraft carrier and China’s Type 003 aircraft carrier will be advanced, but not a game-changer for US, experts say
- Future Submarines venture into new waters
- Taiwan’s government reportedly makes last-minute request for Seahawk helos
- Australia, India, Japan, and U.S. Kick-Off Exercise MALABAR 2021
- Taiwan to equip Kang Ding class frigates with Sea Sword II missile
- Pakistan Navy receives first modern Maritime Patrol twin engine jet aircraft
- For Carl Vinson crew visiting Japan, COVID-19 restraints mean golf, softball and movies on base
- French icebreaker returns to Australia
- New Antarctic icebreaker Nuyina finally on its way to Australia (Editor – 56 sec video included)
- Indian Coast Guard Commissions 7th And Final Vikram-Class OPV
- Chinese submarines #exposed by #HMSQueenElizabeth #CarrierStrikeGroup ! (Editor – 8:09 min video)
- True cost of submarine capability
- 21 Dead in Ferry Collision in Bangladesh
- One Stuck Box of Fertilizer Shows the Global Supply Chain Crisis
- Dire Shortage Of Containers Amid Other Setbacks Are Impacting Coffee Supplies
- Europe migrant crisis: More than 500 people rescued off Italian island
- New Satellite Images Hint How Russian Navy Could Use Massive Nuclear Torpedoes
- Russian naval ship test-fires Kalibr cruise missile from Arctic sea
- Norway-Russia agree on sea incidents
- Admiral Sir Tony Radakin to discuss the many challenges the Royal Navy faces exercising sea power in the modern world (Editor – 37:24 min podcast)
- Name Of RAF Submarine-Hunter Facility Honours Battle Of Atlantic Heroes (Editor – 2:55 min video)
- Royal Navy divers pay tribute to WW2 ‘human minesweeper’
- Naval Service marks 75th anniversary with fleet sailing to Dublin
- NATO SNMCMG1 completes ordnance disposal ops off France
- Docking Of Russian Navy’s Sole Aircraft Carrier Postponed To 2022 From 2021
- TKMS unveils design of new German-Norwegian subs
- Extra-Large Submarine Drones: Europe Could Jump Ahead, Or Miss Out
- IDEF 2021: Turkish Industry Unveils Three New Submarine Designs
- Norway sets timeline to deploy sub-hunting aircraft in the Arctic
- Saab secures further order for Swedish Navy’s A26 submarine
- Sweden’s New Submarines Delayed Amid Ballooning Costs
- Russia unveils underwater drone to sniff out mines on sea floor at Army 2021 arms show
- New coal terminal project underway in Arctic Russia
- Cyprus on alert as Syrian oil slick spreads across Mediterranean
- Israeli and U.S. Warships Conduct Milestone Maritime Patrol
- Pakistan Navy Guided Missile Frigate PNS Zulfiquar (FFG-251) Visits Jeddah Port
- Minehunters fine-tuned for Gulf operations
- Israel inaugurates Chinese-run Haifa port terminal, in likely boost for economy
- Gulf Sky: ‘Our ship was hijacked and taken to Iran’
- Photos: World’s Largest Containership Transits Suez Canal
- Photos: Unique Challenge Transporting Dry-Dock 10,500 NM
- Greenland island is world’s northernmost island – scientists
- Landmark Arctic Fisheries Agreement Enters Into Force
- Nigerian Navy received two Damen patrol vessels, multiple additional vessels on order
- Fight against Mozambique’s Insurgency Must Include Maritime Security
- BIMCO: 381 boxships ordered worldwide in 2021
- Two pirate attacks off Somalia this year
- Hunting Submarines – Lockheed S–3 Viking (Editor – 11:57 min video)
- How To Combat Modern Somali Piracy – Pirate Hunting – Somali Pirate Documentary (Editor – 58:20 min video documentary)
SIGNIFICANT RCN DATES – SEPTEMBER
(If you see any omissions or errors, please inform me, and any more modern significant dates are also welcomed. The list draws primarily from the Directory of History and Heritage’s comprehensive “Significant Dates in Canadian Military History”, the now defunct “Canada Channel”, “Legion Magazine”, historical website “The Second World War – A Day by Day Account”, and Roger Litwiller’s excellent web site, encyclopedic guidance from Fraser McKee, and anywhere else I can find credible information)
- 1 September 1939 RCN, RCNR, RCNVR placed on active service.
- 1 September 1942 HMCS Morden commanded by Lt John J. Hodgkinson, RCNR sank the German submarine U-756 in the Atlantic.
- 1 September 1944 HMCS Saint John commanded by A/LCdr William R. Stacey, DSC, RCNR with HMCS Swansea commanded by CDR A. Frank C. Layard, DSO, RN sank U-Boat 247 off Land’s End, England. This was HMCS Swansea’s fourth submarine under two separate CO’s.
- 3 September 1814 Lieutenant Miller Worsley and Andrew Bulger lead 77 men by canoe north from Wasaga Beach, Ontario, captures American warship USS Tigress at anchor in False Detour Channel, about 88 km northeast of Mackinac Island; then go after USS Scorpion, which they capture September 5.
- 3 September 1939 Battle of the Atlantic begins as a female merchant sailor Hannah Baird of Verdun, Québec sees her ship, Donaldson liner SS Athenia torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat west of Ireland on route to Montréal, one week before Canada declared war and one week after the merchant service and military were placed on a war alert. The sinking kills 188 of those aboard, including Biards and three other Canadians, the first Canadian casualties of the Second World War.
- 3 September 1939 Britain declares war on Germany two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland; France follows 6 hours later, and then Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada on week later. On September 5, 1939, the United States will proclaim neutrality.
- 3 September 1940 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces Lend Lease Programme, where 50 American destroyers will be traded to Britain, of which 7 go to Canada, in exchange for leases on naval and air bases in the British colonies, including St. John’s, Newfoundland, and Bermuda; Canada also agrees to shelter the destroyers in Canadian ports before they are handed over to British crews.
- 3 September 1942 World War II – HMCS Shawinigan and HMCS Trail together pick up 17 survivors from the Canadian merchant ship Donald Stewart that was torpedoed and sunk northeast of Cape Whittle in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in position 50°32’N, 58°46’W by German U-boat U-517.
- 3 September 1943 Canadian flotillas of landing craft engaged in the crossing of the Straits of Messina – the invasion of Italy.
- 3 September 2016 – Franklin Expedition – Parks Canada and the Arctic Research Foundation find the underwater wreck of Sir John Franklin’s flagship HMS Terror; it is “in pristine condition”, north of where the wreck of HMS Erebus — the expedition’s flagship — was found in 2014.
- 4 September 1990 Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces formation of Operation Scimitar, to provide air cover for the two destroyers and the supply ship sent to the Persian Gulf in late August of 1991 as part of Operation Friction, tasked with enforcing the United Nations trade blockade against Iraq.
- 5 September 1814 Lt (RN) Miller Worsley, flying captured American colours in the USS Tigress, takes the USS Scorpion at anchor after fierce hand-to-hand fighting; sails both ships west to Fort Michilimackinac.
- 5 September 1918 The Royal Canadian Naval Air Service is authorized and begins operations in Nova Scotia.
- 6 September 1940 HMS Duchess arrives in Halifax harbour, bringing the members of the Tizard Mission and a black metal box containing, amongst other things, six examples of the cavity magnetron. This would later be described as “the most important cargo to reach our (i.e. North American) shores”.
- 6 September 1940 The USN destroyers USS Aaron Ward (DD-132), USS Buchanan (DD-131), USS Crowninshield (DD-134), USS Hale (DD-133), USS Abel P. Upshur (DD-193), USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195), USS Herndon (DD-198) and USS Welles (DD-257) arrive at Halifax, Nova Scotia. These are the first of the “flushdeck” destroyers to be transferred under the “Destroyers-For-Bases” deal. Contrary to popular opinion, none of the eight ships to be transferred were taken directly from reserve status and handed over to the RN. All eight ships had been recommissioned at least during 1939 and all had been engaged in operations on the neutrality patrols. Two ships were recommissioned considerably earlier and had served for extended periods with both the US Atlantic and Pacific Fleets: Crowninshield (1930) and Buchanan (1934). All eight destroyers were decommissioned from the USN on 09 Sep and commissioned into the RN on the same day. USS Crowninshield was commissioned as HMS Chelsea (I35). She reached Devonport, England, on 28 Sep 1940 and was assigned to the Sixth Escort Group, Western Approaches Command, for local escort duty. In Nov 42, Chelsea became one of eight ‘flushdeckers’ lent to the RCN. She served with Canadian forces until the Dec 43, operated with both the Mid-Ocean Escort Force and Western Escort Forces. Chelsea returned to Londonderry, Northern Ireland, on 26 Dec 43 and, in early 44, was reduced to reserve status in the Tyne estuary. On 16 Jul 44, she was transferred to Russia and renamed Derskni.
- 7 September 1816 Steamship Frontenac launched at Bath, west of Kingston; first steam powered vessel on the Great Lakes.
- 7 September 1942 HMCS Raccoon Torpedoed and sunk by U 165, while escorting convoy QS.33 in the St. Lawrence River. There were no survivors. 37 perished.
- 7 September 1943 HMS Nabob (an aircraft carrier) is commissioned into the Royal Navy with a Canadian crew and a Royal Air Force complement.
- 7 September 1955 HMCS Sioux sails home from the U.S. naval base at Yokosuka, Japan, ending the Royal Canadian Navy’s involvement in the Korean War.
- 8 September 1939 Mackenzie King says no to conscription; stresses munitions-making, and building up RCN and RCAF.
- 9 September 1919 Alexander Graham Bell sees his HD-4 hydrofoil, powered by twin aircraft engines, reach a new world water speed record of 122 kph; piloted by J.A.D. McCurdy at Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
- 9 September 1942 War Cabinet closes the St. Lawrence River to all Allied shipping except coasters; due to German U-Boat submarine dangers.
- 9 September 1944 HMCS Dunver commanded by A/LCdr William Davenport, RCNR, and HMCS Hespeler commanded by LCdr Neville S.C. Dickinson, RCNVR sank the German submarine U-484 in Hebridean waters.
- 10 September 1814 Kingston naval dockyard launches the 112 gun HMS St. Lawrence, the largest warship ever to sail the Great Lakes; carrying more armament than Admiral Nelson’s Victory.
- 10 September 1939 Canada declares war on Germany
- 10 September 1941 HMCS Chambly commanded by CDR James D. Prentice, RCN, and HMCS Moose Jaw commanded by LT Frederick E. Grubb, RCN sank the German submarine U-501 off the coast of Greenland. This is the first U-boat kill made by the Royal Canadian Navy.
- 11 September 1833 – Quebec-built steamship ‘Royal William’ reaches England safely; the wooden paddle wheeler is the first ship to cross the Atlantic under steam all the way, although sails are raised whenever the wind is fresh; the two steam engines are kept running, but the ship goes slowly under sail because of the drag from the paddle wheels.
- 11 September 1942 HMCS Charlottetown was torpedoed and sunk in the St. Lawrence, near Cap Chat Quebec, by U517. She had just delivered a convoy to Rimouski and was returning to Gaspe. Ten of her ship’s company were lost.
- 12 September 1759 Admiral Saunders bombards Beauport and feigns a landing to divert attention away from Wolfe’s landing below the Plains of Abraham.
- 12 September 1846 Franklin Expedition ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror are trapped in ice in Victoria Strait.
- 12 September 1940 Canada’s cabinet introduces Order In Council P.C. 4751, giving Canadian authorities power to imprison disobedient foreign seamen from non-Canadian ships in Canadian ports.
- 13 September 1750 General Wolf’s forces conducted an amphibious assault and stormed the cliffs of Quebec City and defeated the French. This battle marked the beginning of the end of France’s rule in North America.
- 13 September 1942 HMCS Ottawa sunk by U91 who hit her with two torpedoes in the North Atlanta while she was escorting convoy ON.127. 113 of her Ship’s Company were lost, plus 6 RN seaman, and 22 merchant seamen.
- 14 September 1940 The Ex-Servicemen’s General Assembly of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the two French islands located about 15 miles (24 kilometers) off the coast of Newfoundland, announces its support for General Charles DeGaulle. The British Foreign Office sends note to Ottawa, urging the Canadian government to support the movement. Canadians decline to act, and the islands Vichy governor dissolves the veterans league.
- 14 September 1942 500 km east of Newfoundland, German U-Boat U-91 torpedoes and sinks RCN River Class destroyer HMCS Ottawa (A/LCdr Clark Anderson Rutherford, RCN) in the North Atlantic, while escorting convoy ON-127; hit by two torpedoes, she blows up and sinks immediately; 113 of her ship’s company are lost, plus 6 RN seaman and 22 merchant seamen; there are 69 survivors; Battle of the Atlantic growing in intensity.
- 15 September 1940 Single men aged between 21 and 24 are called up.
- 16 September 1939 – The first convoy of the war—designated HX-1—leaves Halifax for the United Kingdom. Eighteen merchant ships are escorted by HMCS Saguenay and HMCS St. Laurent to a North Atlantic rendezvous with Royal Navy cruisers.
- 16 September 1942 The first of sixteen RCN corvettes sails for the Mediterranean Sea to take part in the North African landings (Operation Torch).
- 17 September 1904 – Captain Joseph Bernier departs from Québec on the Canadian government steamship ‘Arctic’; given the command because of his interest in the Polar regions (he had devised a plan to reach the North Pole via the Bering Strait); will make 12 expeditions into polar seas in the next 20 years; he will spend the winter in Hudson Bay collecting Canadian customs duties from whalers and traders. Québec, Québec
- 19 September 1940 HMCS Bras D’or sank in a storm in the St. Lawrence with the loss of all 30 hands.
- 19 September 1941 German U-74 torpedoes and sinks RCN Flower Class corvette HMCS Lévis 200 km off Cape Farewell, Greenland; 18 lives are lost.
- 19 September 1969 Ottawa to reorganize Canadian Armed Forces; 50% cut in NATO manpower; retirement of RCN aircraft carrier HMCS Bonaventure.
- 20 September 1943 German U-boat U-305, using a new acoustic torpedo (GNAT), hits and sinks RCN Town Class destroyer HMCS St. Croix, while she is escorting convoy ON.202, south of Iceland; 65 members of the ship’s company perish; five officers and 76 men are rescued by HMS Itchen, however, only two days later, the Itchen is also torpedoed by an enemy submarine; only one St. Croix sailor, Stoker W. Fisher, survives the two sinkings; one of the men lost was Surgeon Lt W. L. M. King, RCNVR, Prime Minister Mackenzie King’s nephew.
- 20 September 1917 Borden government passes the Military Voters Act and Wartime Elections Act, giving the vote to soldiers and sailors under 21, and serving women; wives, widows, mothers, and sisters of servicemen also get the vote; the first women ever to be able to vote in Canadian federal elections
- 21 Sept 1943 In 24 hours, Canadian and British minesweepers cleared a lane through a minefield laid by U-boats off Halifax. No lives were lost.
- 22 September 1917 Flight Sub Lieutenant N.A. Magor, the Canadian pilot of a large American flying boat sank the UC 72 in the North Sea with direct hits by two 230 lb bombs. This was one of a few submarines destroyed by air action during WW1.
- 23 September 1940 The second group of eight “overage” USN destroyers to be turned over to the RN in exchange for bases in the Western Hemisphere are transferred to RN crews at Halifax, Nova Scotia. USS Abbot (DD-184), commissioned as HMS Charlestown (I-21), USS Foote (DD-169), commissioned as HMS Roxborough (I-07), USS Hopewell (DD-181), commissioned as HMS Bath (I-17), and USS Doran (DD-185), commissioned as HMS St Marys ( I-12), USS Maddox (DD-168), commissioned as HMS Georgetown (I-40), USS Thomas (DD-182), commissioned as HMS St Albans (I-15), and USS Kalk (DD-170), commissioned as HMCS Hamilton (I-24), as part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 24 September 1940 The third group of 6 overage USN destroyers exchanged for bases in the Western Hemisphere are turned over to the RCN at Halifax, Nova Scotia. USS Bancroft (DD-256), commissioned as HMCS St Francis (I-93) USS McCook (DD-252), commissioned as HMCS St Croix (I-81), and USS Haraden (DD-183), commissioned as HMCS Columbia (I-49), part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 24 September 1941 Canada joins eight other allied governments in pledging support to the Atlantic Charter, an eight-point declaration issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
- 24 September 1955 HMCS Sioux returns to Esquimalt, the last ship of the RCN to return from the Korean conflict.
- 24 September 1965 – Military RCN commissions HMCS Ojibwa, first of three 2000-ton RCN Oberon class submarines. Chatham, England
- 25 September 1940 Canadian armed merchantman Prince Robert captures German ship Weser off Mexican coast. The German freighter is taken into the Canadian merchant service, renamed SS Vancouver Island.
- 26 September 1940 USS Thatcher (DD-162), commissioned as HMCS Niagara (I-57), part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 27 September 1854 Steamship Arctic sinks off Cape Race, Newfoundland with 300 people on board after colliding with the 250-ton French iron propeller ship S.S. Vesta; the 3,000-ton side-wheeler was the largest and most splendid ship of the Collins Line (United States Mail Steamship Company) in competition with Samuel Cunard’s Royal Mail Steam Packet Company; casualties include 92 of her 153 officers and men, and all the women and children on board, including the wife, the only daughter, and the youngest son of shipowner E. K. Collins; first great disaster involving an Atlantic Ocean liner.
- 27 September HMCS Labrador arrives in Esquimalt via the Artic. She was the first naval ship and the first deep draught vessel of any kind to traverse the North West Passage.
- 27 September 1994 US Navy closes Argentia submarine detection base; last US military base in Canada.
- 29 September 1940 USS Mackenzie (DD-175), commissioned as HMCS Annapolis (I-04), and USS Williams (DD-108), commissioned as HMCS St Clair (I-65), part of the destroyers-for-bases deal.
- 30 September 1939 Presentation of the King’s Colour to the RCN in Victoria BC. The first occasion that the Colour was personally presented by the ruling sovereign to a naval force outside the British Isles. The Commanding Officer on the West Coast was Captain (later RAdm) Victor G. Brodeur, the Royal Guard was commanded by LCdr (later RAdm) E.P. Tisdall, and the Colour Officer was Lt. (later RAdm) J.C. Hibbard.
- 30 September 1994 Halifax-class frigate HMCS Regina is commissioned in Saint John, New Brunswick.
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