NAC News – Edition 362
Your weekly national and international naval news for the week of June 19th 2020
Edition – 362 “Our aircraft carriers have lasted longer than a majority of our very expensive overseas air bases.” Vice Admiral W.A. Schoech USN, speech 1964
Rod Hughes – Editor NAC News email@example.com (comments welcome to help improve this service)
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- Navy Bike Ride 2020 – Battle of the Atlantic Challenge: This is a virtual event and you can register thru the summer. The event runs 13 June to 30 August 2020. Check it out! While the original one-day ride event was cancelled, this virtual bike ride event is a great opportunity to support your Navy, support their charities of choice and keep fit. Check it out! Your NAC will be a sponsor – an Orca class sponsor! And it is free! (but do feel free to step up and buy the tee and while you are at it – donate to their charities of choice!)
- Vanguard Launches First-Ever Canadian Submarine Event (Editor – The next big RCN procurement challenge! The Deep Blue 2020 Forum, a one-day event, will take place on 29 October 2020, details to follow)
- Canada loses its bid for seat on UN Security Council
- Canada’s Deficit Could Swell To $256 Billion: PBO Report (Editor – lean years ahead)
- Auditors target Defence Department for poor oversight of military-spending plan
- Ottawa awards $2.4B contract to finish building navy’s supply ships
- Photos of the first Joint Support Ship being constructed and Cost of new Navy support ships grows to $4.1B
- Parliamentary watchdog asked to investigate naval supply ship costs after ongoing delays and budget problems
- Cyclone crash was caused by ‘conflict’ between pilot, helicopter: DND
- The Cyclone chopper crash probe could lead the military to some uncomfortable conclusions
- Canadian CF-18 upgrade package OK’d by US (Editor – not a maritime article, but relevant to maritime air capabilities)
- OS Lavoie is just one of the reservists making a difference at long-term care facilities
- The Royal Canadian Navy and D-Day
- Fleet Diving Unit ready for SSBA training
- The Work of a Warship – Episode 2 – The Flesh and Blood (Editor – Part 2 is an excellent RCN 6:19 min video)
- A gallant officer – career of Victor G Brodeur photo album published
- Guarding the Northwest Passage
- Is the defence department’s crackdown on leaks about security — or avoiding embarrassment?
USA & AMERICAS
- USNI News Fleet and Marine Tracker: June 15, 2020
- With Russia keeping watch, US Navy subs ventured back to the high north to train where there’s ‘no safe haven’
- GD Electric Boat kicks off next phase of Columbia Class sub construction infrastructure
- ★ Here’s How to Stop Anti-Ship Missiles from Russia or China (Editor – useful explanation in this 10:05 min video)
- First fully electric US Navy destroyer delivered
- Lima Charlie: Why Does The Royal Navy Patrol The West Indies?
- US Navy’s second ship to shore connector completes acceptance trials
- America’s most secret submarine undocks from Puget Sound Naval Shipyard
- USS Preble Interdicts 2,000 Kilograms of Cocaine
- US Navy told to get a move on with next-gen fighter aircraft program
- With Training and Repairs Complete, USS McCain Returns to Operations
- USS Fitzgerald En Route to San Diego Following Collision Repairs
- CIMSEC SEA Control; 184 – chokepoints and littorals with Dr. Heather Venable and director Valerie Jackson (Editor – 39:29 audio interview)
- US Warns of Pirates in Southern Gulf of Mexico
- 3 supercarriers – USS Nimitz , USS Theodore Roosevelt & USS Ronald Reagan deployed to counter China! (Editor – 11:22 min video)
- ★ Navy Preps its New USS Ford Carrier for Massive Ocean Warfare (Editor – 4:01 min video)
- China Commissioned Its Ninth Type 056 Corvette So Far In 2020
- India soldiers killed in clash with Chinese forces (Editor – not maritime, but a noteworthy escalation)
- India-China clash: 20 Indian troops killed in Ladakh fighting
- Three Project 22350 Frigates To Join Russia’s Pacific Fleet
- New Mystery Submarine May Have Been Found In North Korea
- GRSE delivers its 5th Rajshree-class Fast Patrol Vessel to Indian Coast Guard
- Chinese Vessel Rams Vietnamese Fishing Boat in S. China Sea
- China’s Indian Ocean ambitions: Investment, influence, and military advantage (Editor – download of full article available)
- Navy sends more ships from Eastern fleet for deployment in Indian Ocean region
- China’s sea moves drive US, Philippines back together
- China’s New Aircraft Carrier Disappears
- Looking to the Collins LOTE and ensuring a survivable submarine force (Editor – in many was the same issues as Canada faces)
- Op-Ed: Let’s not forget, the Future Submarine is an ab initio design
- China deploys new Haidou-1 deepwater AUV
- ★ How China Got Venezuelan Oil Despite US Sanctions (Editor – national sanctioned smuggling)
- Venezuela’s Oil Exports Plummet as Shipping Contracts Get Suspended
- US, UK, France Strengthen Partnership during Virtual Trilateral Maritime Talks
- NATO Maritime Exercise BALTOPS 2020 Concludes
- Russian Northern Fleet rescuers assist submarine in distress during Arctic drills
- 78-years old former Russian navy captain, now professor on Arctic, accused of working for Chinese intelligence
- Russian Navy Yasen and Yasen-M class SSGN submarines able to fire cruise missile in Arctic region
- Russian military tracking US Navy USS Porter destroyer in Black Sea
- US Navy amphibious assault ship begins transit into Black Sea (Editor – note where this is published)
- Finnish Navy MHC Purunpää MCMV deploys Double Eagle mine disposal vehicle at BALTOPS 2020
- Vityaz-D explored Mariana Trench according to preinstalled program — developer
- Germany approves the budget to purchase four MKS 180 frigates from Damen
- Firefighters Battled The French SSN ‘Perle’ Blaze For 14 Hours (Editor – and a 2:37 min video) Fire breaks out aboard French Navy Rubis-class Submarine ‘Perle’
- US Approves $600 Mln Patrol Boat Sale to Ukraine
- Italian Navy chooses Saipem and Drass subsea rescue system
- Germany Halts P-3 Orion Mission Systems Upgrade as MPA Alternatives Examined
- The maritime mine countermeasures programme: the French and British navies blaze the trail towards a global first with their revolutionary autonomous system
- EU Challenges China’s Trade Expansion With Landmark Tariff
- Over 100 million cubic meters of sea bottom removed for natural gas project in Russian Arctic bay
- Rhine Water Level Rises, Too Shallow in North for Full Shipping
- ★ The Challenge of Guarding Bab el-Mandeb
- Italy considering sale of two FREMM frigates to Egypt
- Suez Canal Transits Rise With Record Tanker Traffic in 2020
- Thanks To Germany, Israel Is A True Nuclear Weapons State
- Satellite Image Shows 100 New Naval Vessels In Iran
- Denmark Green Lights Frigate Deployment For Operation Agenor
- Iran Prepared to Retaliate if U.S. Stopped Venezuela-bound Tankers, Local Media Reports
- Video: Pope Francis Delivers Message for Seafarers Stuck at Sea (Editor – extraordinary and touching 2:36 min video by the Pope)
- Lloyd’s of London Apologizes for ‘Shameful’ Role in Atlantic Slave Trade (Editor – total of 17 million slaves!)
- ★ Defense updates weekly news round-up 14th June – Chinese SU 30 fighters enter Taiwan’s airspace ! (Editor – 10:37 min video)
- Strategic chokepoints and littorals week concludes on CIMSEC (Editor – here are all the chokepoint articles in summary)
- World’s Largest LNG-Powered Car Carrier Sails for North America
- Six pirates killed in raid off Cameroon
- Report: 40,000 Cruise Ship Crewmembers Still Await Repatriation
- Fast Facts: How Much Oxygen Comes From the Ocean?
- Vietnamese Commandos Once Sent A U.S. Escort Carrier To The Ocean Floor
- Deck Landing A Royal Navy Instructional Film (1942) (Editor – wonderful 18:47 min video)
- Launch & Recover (1960) (Editor – fast forward a few years, and an amazing transformation…28:59 min video)
- US Navy Carrier Planes in Action in the Korean War – 1954 (Editor – a great look at naval air power during the Korean War in this 13:02 min video)
- Liberty Ships: Extraordinarily Ordinary (Editor – an unglamorous but key element of winning WW2 in this 20:11 min video)
SIGNIFICANT RCN DATES – JUNE ( A busy month!)
(If you see any omissions or errors please inform me, and any more modern significant dates are also welcomed. The list draws primarily from the Directory of History and Heritage’s comprehensive “Significant Dates in Canadian Military History”, the now defunct “Canada Channel”, “Legion Magazine”, Roger Litwiller’s excellent web site, the encyclopedic guidance from Fraser McKee, and anywhere else I can find credible information.)
- 1 June 1758 Vice Admiral Edward Boscawen of the Royal Navy arrives at Gabarus Bay, 10 km west of Louisbourg, just after midnight in dense fog from Halifax, Nova Scotia; with thirty nine warships, supply ships and ten transports, crowded with 13,000 regular troops, Highlanders, light infantry, rangers, and colonial militia. The expedition is commanded by Maj Gan General Jeffery Amherst, with his field commander, Brig Gen James Wolfe; the British do not attempt to land troops until June 8 because of heavy surf.
- 1 June 1758 – A British fleet, under Admiral Saunders, leaves Louisbourg for Quebec carrying James Wolfe and his army.
- 1 June 1813 HMS Shannon, Captain Philip Broke, captures USS Chesapeake, Captain James Lawrence, in a 15 minute fire fight off Boston harbour; tows her to Halifax; naval battle sees 48 American sailors killed, 23 British. Boston, Massachusetts
- 1 June 1831 Sir James Ross first discovers the position of the North Magnetic Pole on the west coast of Boothia Peninsula; takes possession of the North Magnetic Pole and adjoining territory in the name of King William IV, and erects a cairn; spends his third Arctic winter in Victoria Harbour. Boothia, Nunavut
- 1 June 1840 Samuel Cunard navigates his 700 ton wooden paddlewheel steamer Unicorn to Halifax; after two week trip from Liverpool with 27 passengers. Halifax, Nova Scotia
- 1 June 1876 The Royal Military College of Canada opens in Kingston, Ontario, with a class of eighteen cadets.
- 1 June 1943 HMCS Conestoga is commissioned in Galt, Ontario, as the Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service training establishment.
- 1 June 1943 The first German mines are swept in the approaches to Halifax harbour.
- 1 June 1968 Canada signs Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty along with the US, Britain, USSR and 57 other countries. United Nations, New York
- 1 June 2004 United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti assumes responsibility for supporting transitional government and reforming national police force; Canadian police and military personnel to play a major role. Port-au-Prince, Haiti
- 2 June 1891 Shipping – RMS Empress of Japan is the second of the Canadian Pacific Steamships “Empress” ships to arrive at Vancouver harbour, via the Suez Canal and Hong Kong; Canadian Pacific Steamships had signed a contract for subsidized mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada. Vancouver, BC
- 3 June 1910 The Honourable Louis P. Brodeur is appointed the first Minister of the Naval Service.
- 3 June 1963 Canada declares 12 Mile Limit; (19.3 km) exclusive fisheries zone off the Canadian coast; effective May, 1964. Ottawa, Ontario
- 3 June 1991 Letters Patents are published for an insignia denoting Mentions in Despatches.
- 4 June 1742 The first warship built in New France called the CANADA is launched.
- 4 June 1812 US Congress votes for war against Britain; the conflict will begin June 18, 1812, when President James Madison officially proclaims the United States to be at war.
- 4 June 1976 Canada declares it is extending its 12-nautical-mile coastal fishing zone to 370 km (200 nautical miles) offshore fisheries jurisdiction zone, effective January 1, 1977; mature northern cod were estimated at 75 million, down from 900 million in 1962; Canada to set numbers of fish harvested and quotas for foreign fleets, because fish stocks are being depleted by new technologies such as sonar and freezing facilities which let the ships stay at sea longer.
- 5 June 1741 -Vitus Bering sails from Kamchatka Peninsula to explore North America.
- 5 June 1792 Spanish navigators Dionisio Galiano and Cayetano Valdés leave Nootka Sound and sail into the Strait of Juan de Fuca, reaching Puerto de Núñez Gaona (Neah Bay, Washington), where a Spanish post is being built by Salvador Fidalgo.
- 5 June 1944 Sixteen RCN minesweepers help clear the English Channel in preparation for the D-Day landings.
- 6 June 1943 HMCS Prince Robert is recommissioned as an anti-aircraft cruiser.
- 6 June 1944 Approximately one hundred and ten Canadian warships participate in the Allied landings in Normandy.
- 7 June 1942 The US merchant ship Coast Trader torpedoed by Japanese Navy submarine I-26 in the Strait of Juan de Fuca inside Canadian waters; the vessel had set off from Port Angeles, Washington, bound for San Francisco with a cargo of 1,250 tons of newsprint in its hold; wreck discovered in 2013 survey by the Canadian Hydrographic Service, organized by Titanic discoverer Robert Ballard, using a remote-controlled robotic submarine; the same Japanese submarine will shell the Estevan Point lighthouse a few days later.
- 7 June 1958 HMCS Restigouche is commissioned as the first of a class of destroyer escorts meant to replace the St. Laurent class.
- 7 June 1965 Department of National Defence replaces navy, army, and air force commands with six functional commands. Ottawa, Ontario
- 8 June 1893 Steamship Mower arrives in Victoria B.C. from Sydney, Australia; first steamer of the Canadian Australian Line.
- 9 June 1789 Spanish captain Estebán José Martínez captures trader John Meares’ schooner Northwest America in Nootka Sound near Vancouver Island.
- 9 June 1941 World War II – HMCS Saskatoon is commissioned in Esquimalt.
- 9 June 1944 HMCS Haida commanded by Cdr Harry G. DeWolf, DSO, RCN, HMCS Huron commanded by LCdr Herbert S. Rayner, DSC, RCN, and other destroyers from the 10th Destroyer Flotilla sank the German destroyers ZH1 and Z32 in the English Channel.
- 10 June 1803 Warship HMS Dart carries the so-called Garrison clock (“old town clock”) to Halifax, N.S.; ordered by Prince Edward, it will be installed October 20 in a building built for it on the eastern slope of Citadel Hill.
- 10 June 1878 Fort Rodd Hill built to protect Esquimalt in the event of a war with Russia.
- 10 June 1910 Rear-Admiral Charles E. Kingsmill, RN (Retired), is appointed the Director of the Naval Service.
- 10 June 1931 HMCS SKEENA commissioned at Portsmouth – one of the first ships built for the RCN.
- 10 June 1940 The Canadian government declares war on Italy.
- 11 June 1813 Nova Scotia privateering vessel, Liverpool Packet, owned by Enos Collins and associates, is captured by American privateer schooner Thomas; the schooner is re-named the Portsmouth Packet, until it is regained by HMS Fantome and HMS Epervier after a 13-hour chase, in October 1813.
- 11 June 1940 Canadian warships come under fire for the first time when HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche encounter German warships at St. Valery en Caux.
- 11 June 1940 HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche evacuate military personnel from Le Havre, France, exchanging gunfire with German artillery batteries in the process.
- 11 June 1944 HMCS Sioux commanded by A/LCdr Eric E.G. Boak, RCN with Polish destroyers sank (schnellboot)S-136 off Normandy.
- 11 June 1999 The United Nations sets up peacekeeping mission, including 600 Canadians consisting of HMCS Protecteur, an infantry company, and transport planes to support the mission in East Timor. Operation Toucan will help organize elections, support the new government and establish the rule of law; Canadian participation ends February 23, 2000.
- 13 June 1940 The Honourable Charles Gavan Power is appointed Minister of Department of National Defence.
- 13 June 1941 Newfoundland’s sea defences are brought under Canadian control with the appointment of Commodore L.W. Murray, RCN, as the commander of Newfoundland Force.
- 14 June 1941 Warships of the Newfoundland Escort Force begin convoy escort operations in the North Atlantic Ocean.
- 15 June 1920 The demobilization of the wartime RCN is completed with the disbandment of the Royal Navy Canadian Volunteer Reserve.
- 15 June 1938 – HMCS Ottawa is commissioned at Chatham, England.
- 15 June 1940 The Erik Boye is sunk by submarine U38 in passage off Land’s End thereby becoming the first Canadian flagged merchant ship to be sunk as a casualty of the Battle of the Atlantic.
- 16 June 1921 The Royal Naval College of Canada is closed.
- 16 June 1943 HMCS Waskesiu is commissioned into the RCN, becoming the first of sixty RCN frigates built in Canada.
- 17 June 1991 The Government of Canada announces the Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea and the Gulf and Kuwait medal.
- 19 June 1812 The United States formally declares war against Great Britain.
- 19 June 1951 HMCS Cayuga begins the second of three tours to Korea.
- 20 June 1923 HMCS Brunswicker, a current day Naval Reserve Division, was raised as a RCN Volunteer Reserve half-company in Saint John, NB.
- 20 June 1942 HMCS Edmundston (corvette) rescues 31 crewmembers from the SS Fort Camosun that had been disabled by a Japanese submarine near the Washington coast.
- 21 June 1749 A military expedition led by Colonel Edward Cornwallis arrives at the harbour at Chebucto, NS and establishes the Halifax military base.
- 21 June 1940 HMCS Fraser evacuates Free French troops and future Canadian Governor-General, Lieutenant-Colonel G.P. Vanier, from France.
- 21 June 1940 The National Resources Mobilization Act is passed provides for conscription for home defence and registration of all adult males and females.
- 21 June 2001 Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson unveils the National Aboriginal Monument, Ottawa, to commemorate the sacrifice of aboriginals in both world wars and Korea.
- 22 June 1940 The last class of RCN Volunteer Reserve officers graduate from HMCS Stone Frigate.
- 22 June 1967 HMCS ONONDAGA (submarine) commissioned at Chatham Dockyards.
- 23 June 1919 The Air Board is formed in Canada to control all aspects of aviation, including military.
- 23 June 1961 The Antarctic Treaty comes into force. The continent is declared a scientific reserve and military activity is banned.
- 23 June 1968 HMCS OKANAGAN (submarine) commissioned at Chatham Dockyards.
- 23 June 1995 HMCS Winnipeg Commissioned at Esquimalt BC.
- 24 June 1762 A French fleet commanded by Chevalier de Ternay captures Bay Bulls and St. John’s, Newfoundland.
- 24 June 1943 HMCS Sault Ste. Marie is commissioned as the first Algerine-class minesweeper produced for the RCN.
- 24 June 1944 HMCS Haida commanded by Cdr Harry G. DeWolf, DSO, RCN, with HMS Eskimo and a Royal Air Force patrol aircraft sink the German submarine U-971 in the English Channel.
- 25 June 1940 HMCS Fraser is lost with 47 crew lost after colliding with a British warship, HMS Calcutta in the Bay of Biscay.
- 25 June 1965 RAdm Walter Hose is buried at Windsor, Ont. Considered the founding sponsor of the RCNVR & Naval Reserves post-RNCVR.
- 25 June 1950 North Korean forces cross the 38th Parallel and invade South Korea and the Korean War starts; nearly 27,000 Canadians serve, 1,558 are wounded, 516 die.
- 25 June 1963 HMCS Assiniboine is recommissioned as the RCN’s first helicopter-carrying destroyer.
- 25 June 1994 HMCS SAGUENAY is sunk off Lunenburg as a diving park.
- 26 June 1923 HMCS Queen, a current day Naval Reserve Division, was raised as a RCN Volunteer Reserve half-company in Regina.
- 26 June 1959 Canadian warships assigned to Atlantic Command participate in the opening ceremonies of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
- 27 June 1918 Fourteen nursing sisters are among the 234 who die when the Canadian hospital ship HMHS Llandovery Castle is torpedoed by a U-boat.
- 28 June 1922 The National Defence Act is passed, incorporating the Department of the Naval Service, the Department of Militia and Defence and the Air Board as a new Department of National Defence.
- 28 June 1977 HMCS Huron (2nd) represents Canada at the Silver Jubilee naval review at Spithead.
- 28 June 2001 Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson officially dedicates the National Military Cemetery of the Canadian Forces at Beechwood Cemetery, Ottawa.
- 29 June 1992 HMCS Halifax is commissioned as the first of the new Canadian Patrol Frigates
- 30 June 1921 HMC Submarines CH-14 and CH-15 are paid off.
- 30 June 1941 HMCS Wasaga is commissioned, becoming the first Canadian-built Bangor-class minesweeper.
- 30 June 1950 The Canadian Parliament supports the government motion to assist the United Nations in its position on the Korean situation.