NAC News – Edition 361
Your weekly national and international naval news for the week of June 12th 2020
Edition – 361 “It cannot be too often repeated that the modern war, and especially in modern naval war, the chief factor in achieving triumph is what has been done in the way of thorough preparation and training before the beginning of the war.” Theodore Roosevelt address to US Naval Academy, 1902 (Editor – timeless)
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- ★★★ NAC National AGM: Tuesday 16 June 2020 at 1200 Ottawa time (via GoToMeeting) Details including background material, agenda, and proxy nomination/ballot forms are posted to the NAC National website. I encourage all members to at least send in your “vote” and proxy holder nomination in case you cannot participate. This is your NAC membership right! Details in regard GoToMeeting login will be sent no later than Monday AM 15 June.
- Navy Bike Ride 2020 – Battle of the Atlantic Challenge: This is a virtual event and you can register thru the summer. The event runs 13 June to 30 August 2020. Check it out! While the original one-day ride event was cancelled, this virtual bike ride event is a great opportunity to support your Navy, support their charities of choice and keep fit. Check it out! Your NAC will be a sponsor – an Orca class sponsor! And it is free! (but do feel free to step up and buy the tee and while you are at it – donate to their charities of choice!)
- Vanguard Launches First-Ever Canadian Submarine Event (Editor – The next big RCN procurement challenge! The Deep Blue 2020 Forum, a one-day event, will take place on 29 October 2020, details to follow)
- ★ COVID-19: Straight Answers from Top Epidemiologist Who Predicted the Pandemic (Editor – not a maritime article, but the best compendium of Pandemic issues I’ve seen. It’s an American expert but much is still highly applicable to Canada and worth the read)
- ‘Zero indication’ military spending will be cut amid COVID-19, defence official says
- Comment: It’s time for us to start thinking about new subs
- Cyclone chopper crash investigation focuses on ‘aircraft system and human factors’
- Fatal Cyclone crash just the latest tragedy in tortured saga of Canada’s military helicopters
- Canadian military to crack down on leaks of unclassified information after recent embarrassments to government
- The Work of a Warship – Episode 1 – Float & Move (Editor – start of a series of first-rate new RCN (7:33 min) videos, great pics and explanations)
- COVID-19 fallout: Work begins again on navy’s new Arctic ships but delivery date is uncertain
- CAF Day 2020 (Editor – 1:12 min CAF video)
- Your Navy Today – May 2020
- Zoom ceremony boosts cadets’ spirits
- Halifax Class Modernization/Frigate Life Extension project (Editor – first part in a 6-year-old 21:13 min video)
- ★ HCM FELEX Part 2 (Editor – Part 2 is a useful follow-on 33:15 min video)
- The increasing appeal of navy reserves (Editor – 3:41 min video)
- The Work of a Warship – Episode 1 – Float & Move
- The U-boat hunter (Editor – Captain J.D. (Chummy) Prentice’s wartime service)
- Navy waiting on clearance to send 140 staff to Canada
- Editor – The NAC Ottawa senior member Alex Polowin was interview at 0930 (Ottawa time) on Saturday 6 June by the Ottawa station CFRA Radio. The host/interviewer was Dahlia Kurtz and her show is called “the Goods”. The interview spans hour 3 and hour 4 of the podcasts, starting with Hour 3 of The Goods – June 6, 2020 – 580 CFRA – Omny.fm You can jump to minute 18:30 where a recording of Churchill’s famous speech starts, then 2 minutes later she introduces Alex. He speaks through to the end of Hour 3 and into the first half of hour 4. The interview with Alex ends at about minute 17:10 of hour 4 and then there is a Vera Lynn recording – We’ll Meet Again.
- D-Day commemorative painting unveiling (Editor – Padres, our unsung heroes, read the YouTube notes for this 2:42 min video about a fitting tribute)
- Canada Recommends Mariners Wear Face Coverings
USA & AMERICAS
- USNI News Fleet and Marine Tracker: June 8, 2020
- CIMSEC: Developing security in a white water world: preparing for the arctic
- Memorandum on Safeguarding U.S. National Interests in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions
- Claims Of Aircraft Carrier Vulnerability Are False, But The Versatility Is Real
- US Deploys Quarter of Its Carrier Strike Force Fleet to Indo-Pacific as China Tensions Soar
- Reagan, Nimitz Carrier Strike Groups Deploy
- Senate FY 21 Authorization Bill Buys 7 Ships, Adds Oversight on Future Unmanned Air and Surface Ships
- U.S. Navy Joins Marine Corps in Banning Confederate Flag
- MQ-25 Concept (Editor – a quick look at the drone in this 2:39 min video)
- USCG Cutter James Offloads 10 Tonnes of Cocaine in Port Everglades
- The Next New Battlefield Needs Small Nuclear-Powered Warships
- GE Delivers First LM2500 Lightweight Composite Gas Turbine Module for Future USS Santa Barbara
- USS Nimitz Aircraft Carrier Deploys With Powerful New Infrared Sensor System
- Marines Look to Two New Ship Classes to Define Future of Amphibious Operations
- White House Orders Review of Coast Guard Heavy Icebreaker Program and U.S. Seeks Armed Nuclear Icebreakers for Arctic Show of Force
- The Navy’s New Electromagnetic Rail Gun Is Like Nothing You’ve Ever Seen
- USSOCOM Reveals Dry Combat Submersible Entering Service Soon
- Vigor Wins Contract to Overhaul Hospital Ship Mercy
- Navy Calling Up 1,600 Reservists to Fill in For Shipyard Workers Out for COVID-19
- Retired Navy Captain, CPO Plead Guilty to Bribery Charges in Latest ‘Fat Leonard’ Development
- ★ Stellar Banner to Be Scuttled Off Brazilian Coast
- Oil Tankers Turn Away From Venezuela as More Sanctions Loom
- Port of Los Angeles adopts $1.5 billion budget for 2020/21
- U.S. Economy is Still Far From Smooth Sailing, Port Chief Says
- If China Invades Taiwan, This Is What The Fleet Could Look Like
- New Zealand’s Largest Ever Naval Vessel Delivered in S. Korea
- Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter to possibly enter service in the PLA Navy
- New Air Bases, Baby Cabbage Key to Chinese Long-Term Claims in South China Sea
- US Navy Big Return to Subic Bay Naval base in the Philippines? (Editor – 10:07 min video)
- Beyond “conventional wisdom”: evaluating the PLA’s South China Sea bases in operational context
- Taiwan’s CSBC Lays Keel For ROC Navy’s First LPD (Editor – another country about to have a “honking big ship”)
- Former RAN chief calls for ‘operations research roadmap’
- Construction commences for new submarine escape and rescue facility
- Indian Navy Inaugurates Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle Complex at Visakhapatnam
- Happy anniversary China: Philippines plans US$26 million of military infrastructure on disputed South China Sea island Pag-Asa
- Indian Navy Ship INS Kesari Arrives at Port Victoria, Seychelles
- China Works on Undersea Cables between Paracel Island Outposts
- EXCLUSIVE: SECRET INDIA You NEVER Knew EXISTED! Assumption Island Secret Indian Military Base (Editor – island possessions matter in this 8:07 min video)
- China’s Coal Imports Fall Nearly 20% in May
- Russia’s Northern Fleet Prepares To Accept Arkhangelsk SSGN
- Latest nuclear-powered sub to enter service with Russian Navy on June 12
- Can Russia’s Yasen-Class Bring Down America’s Mighty Virginia-Class Submarines?
- NATO Maritime Groups to Participate in BALTOPS 20 Exercise
- French Navy SSBN ‘Le Téméraire’ Test Fired M51 SLBM in Operational Conditions
- Royal Netherlands Navy’s Frigate ‘Zr.Ms. De Zeven Provinciën’ Is Back At Sea
- Trump ‘approves plan’ to cut US troops in Germany (Editor – not a maritime article, but there are interesting implications)
- EDA selects the “PILUM” consortium, a disruptive-technology research project for innovative electromagnetic railgun
- French Navy’s First Barracuda-Class Submarine Suffren Begins Second Phase of Diving Tests
- German Navy Commissions Its Second F125 Baden-Württemberg-Class Frigate
- First Surface Ship and Submarine Firings for Saab Lightweight Torpedo (Editor – interesting features explained in this 1:44 min video)
- Greek Parliament Approved Several Programs For The Hellenic Navy
- NH90 Sea Lion enters service with German Navy
- Russian Arctic oil spill pollutes big lake near Norilsk (Editor – what a nightmare this would be in Canada’s arctic)
- Abengoa Becomes Main Supplier Of AIP System For Navantia’s S80 Submarine
- Last Cruise Ship Passengers Disembark After Six Month Adventure
- ★ U.S. Sanctions Against Iranian Shipping Interests Enforced
- HMS Chiddingfold Sets Sail for Three-Year Gulf Deployment
- HMS Montrose Resumes Gulf Security Mission
- New Team Heads Up Navy Minehunting Mission In Gulf
- HMS Shoreham takes brief break after five hectic months
- New Electric Motor Saves Power and Weight On Board
- More than a third of fish stocks are being overfished, FAO warns
- Why are fossil fuels so hard to quit? (Editor – many conflicts are spurred by the need for resources…a good article for your consideration)
- Seeing the world through [choke] points
- D-Day – The German Naval Counterattack (Editor – note the Canadian content in this 10:06 min video)
- Catapult Ships Royal Navy Instructional Film (1940) (Editor – an OMG 28:29 min video)
- The First Warship Captured by the US in 122 Years (Editor – 13:55 min video)
- ★ History Of The Submarine – Full Documentary (Editor – a long but interesting in the details in this 54:51 min video [starts slowly])
- The Gigantic WWII U-Boat Bunker Near Bremen (Editor – a wow 5:35 min video)
SIGNIFICANT RCN DATES – JUNE ( A busy month!)
(If you see any omissions or errors please inform me, and any more modern significant dates are also welcomed. The list draws primarily from the Directory of History and Heritage’s comprehensive “Significant Dates in Canadian Military History”, the now defunct “Canada Channel”, “Legion Magazine”, Roger Litwiller’s excellent web site, the encyclopedic guidance from Fraser McKee, and anywhere else I can find credible information.)
- 1 June 1758 Vice Admiral Edward Boscawen of the Royal Navy arrives at Gabarus Bay, 10 km west of Louisbourg, just after midnight in dense fog from Halifax, Nova Scotia; with thirty nine warships, supply ships and ten transports, crowded with 13,000 regular troops, Highlanders, light infantry, rangers, and colonial militia. The expedition is commanded by Maj Gan General Jeffery Amherst, with his field commander, Brig Gen James Wolfe; the British do not attempt to land troops until June 8 because of heavy surf.
- 1 June 1758 – A British fleet, under Admiral Saunders, leaves Louisbourg for Quebec carrying James Wolfe and his army.
- 1 June 1813 HMS Shannon, Captain Philip Broke, captures USS Chesapeake, Captain James Lawrence, in a 15 minute fire fight off Boston harbour; tows her to Halifax; naval battle sees 48 American sailors killed, 23 British. Boston, Massachusetts
- 1 June 1831 Sir James Ross first discovers the position of the North Magnetic Pole on the west coast of Boothia Peninsula; takes possession of the North Magnetic Pole and adjoining territory in the name of King William IV, and erects a cairn; spends his third Arctic winter in Victoria Harbour. Boothia, Nunavut
- 1 June 1840 Samuel Cunard navigates his 700 ton wooden paddlewheel steamer Unicorn to Halifax; after two week trip from Liverpool with 27 passengers. Halifax, Nova Scotia
- 1 June 1876 The Royal Military College of Canada opens in Kingston, Ontario, with a class of eighteen cadets.
- 1 June 1943 HMCS Conestoga is commissioned in Galt, Ontario, as the Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service training establishment.
- 1 June 1943 The first German mines are swept in the approaches to Halifax harbour.
- 1 June 1968 Canada signs Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty along with the US, Britain, USSR and 57 other countries. United Nations, New York
- 1 June 2004 United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti assumes responsibility for supporting transitional government and reforming national police force; Canadian police and military personnel to play a major role. Port-au-Prince, Haiti
- 2 June 1891 Shipping – RMS Empress of Japan is the second of the Canadian Pacific Steamships “Empress” ships to arrive at Vancouver harbour, via the Suez Canal and Hong Kong; Canadian Pacific Steamships had signed a contract for subsidized mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada. Vancouver, BC
- 3 June 1910 The Honourable Louis P. Brodeur is appointed the first Minister of the Naval Service.
- 3 June 1963 Canada declares 12 Mile Limit; (19.3 km) exclusive fisheries zone off the Canadian coast; effective May, 1964. Ottawa, Ontario
- 3 June 1991 Letters Patents are published for an insignia denoting Mentions in Despatches.
- 4 June 1742 The first warship built in New France called the CANADA is launched.
- 4 June 1812 US Congress votes for war against Britain; the conflict will begin June 18, 1812, when President James Madison officially proclaims the United States to be at war.
- 4 June 1976 Canada declares it is extending its 12-nautical-mile coastal fishing zone to 370 km (200 nautical miles) offshore fisheries jurisdiction zone, effective January 1, 1977; mature northern cod were estimated at 75 million, down from 900 million in 1962; Canada to set numbers of fish harvested and quotas for foreign fleets, because fish stocks are being depleted by new technologies such as sonar and freezing facilities which let the ships stay at sea longer.
- 5 June 1741 -Vitus Bering sails from Kamchatka Peninsula to explore North America.
- 5 June 1792 Spanish navigators Dionisio Galiano and Cayetano Valdés leave Nootka Sound and sail into the Strait of Juan de Fuca, reaching Puerto de Núñez Gaona (Neah Bay, Washington), where a Spanish post is being built by Salvador Fidalgo.
- 5 June 1944 Sixteen RCN minesweepers help clear the English Channel in preparation for the D-Day landings.
- 6 June 1943 HMCS Prince Robert is recommissioned as an anti-aircraft cruiser.
- 6 June 1944 Approximately one hundred and ten Canadian warships participate in the Allied landings in Normandy.
- 7 June 1942 The US merchant ship Coast Trader torpedoed by Japanese Navy submarine I-26 in the Strait of Juan de Fuca inside Canadian waters; the vessel had set off from Port Angeles, Washington, bound for San Francisco with a cargo of 1,250 tons of newsprint in its hold; wreck discovered in 2013 survey by the Canadian Hydrographic Service, organized by Titanic discoverer Robert Ballard, using a remote-controlled robotic submarine; the same Japanese submarine will shell the Estevan Point lighthouse a few days later.
- 7 June 1958 HMCS Restigouche is commissioned as the first of a class of destroyer escorts meant to replace the St. Laurent class.
- 7 June 1965 Department of National Defence replaces navy, army, and air force commands with six functional commands. Ottawa, Ontario
- 8 June 1893 Steamship Mower arrives in Victoria B.C. from Sydney, Australia; first steamer of the Canadian Australian Line.
- 9 June 1789 Spanish captain Estebán José Martínez captures trader John Meares’ schooner Northwest America in Nootka Sound near Vancouver Island.
- 9 June 1941 World War II – HMCS Saskatoon is commissioned in Esquimalt.
- 9 June 1944 HMCS Haida commanded by Cdr Harry G. DeWolf, DSO, RCN, HMCS Huron commanded by LCdr Herbert S. Rayner, DSC, RCN, and other destroyers from the 10th Destroyer Flotilla sank the German destroyers ZH1 and Z32 in the English Channel.
- 10 June 1803 Warship HMS Dart carries the so-called Garrison clock (“old town clock”) to Halifax, N.S.; ordered by Prince Edward, it will be installed October 20 in a building built for it on the eastern slope of Citadel Hill.
- 10 June 1878 Fort Rodd Hill built to protect Esquimalt in the event of a war with Russia.
- 10 June 1910 Rear-Admiral Charles E. Kingsmill, RN (Retired), is appointed the Director of the Naval Service.
- 10 June 1931 HMCS SKEENA commissioned at Portsmouth – one of the first ships built for the RCN.
- 10 June 1940 The Canadian government declares war on Italy.
- 11 June 1813 Nova Scotia privateering vessel, Liverpool Packet, owned by Enos Collins and associates, is captured by American privateer schooner Thomas; the schooner is re-named the Portsmouth Packet, until it is regained by HMS Fantome and HMS Epervier after a 13-hour chase, in October 1813.
- 11 June 1940 Canadian warships come under fire for the first time when HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche encounter German warships at St. Valery en Caux.
- 11 June 1940 HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche evacuate military personnel from Le Havre, France, exchanging gunfire with German artillery batteries in the process.
- 11 June 1944 HMCS Sioux commanded by A/LCdr Eric E.G. Boak, RCN with Polish destroyers sank (schnellboot)S-136 off Normandy.
- 11 June 1999 The United Nations sets up peacekeeping mission, including 600 Canadians consisting of HMCS Protecteur, an infantry company, and transport planes to support the mission in East Timor. Operation Toucan will help organize elections, support the new government and establish the rule of law; Canadian participation ends February 23, 2000.
- 13 June 1940 The Honourable Charles Gavan Power is appointed Minister of Department of National Defence.
- 13 June 1941 Newfoundland’s sea defences are brought under Canadian control with the appointment of Commodore L.W. Murray, RCN, as the commander of Newfoundland Force.
- 14 June 1941 Warships of the Newfoundland Escort Force begin convoy escort operations in the North Atlantic Ocean.
- 15 June 1920 The demobilization of the wartime RCN is completed with the disbandment of the Royal Navy Canadian Volunteer Reserve.
- 15 June 1938 – HMCS Ottawa is commissioned at Chatham, England.
- 15 June 1940 The Erik Boye is sunk by submarine U38 in passage off Land’s End thereby becoming the first Canadian flagged merchant ship to be sunk as a casualty of the Battle of the Atlantic.
- 16 June 1921 The Royal Naval College of Canada is closed.
- 16 June 1943 HMCS Waskesiu is commissioned into the RCN, becoming the first of sixty RCN frigates built in Canada.
- 17 June 1991 The Government of Canada announces the Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea and the Gulf and Kuwait medal.
- 19 June 1812 The United States formally declares war against Great Britain.
- 19 June 1951 HMCS Cayuga begins the second of three tours to Korea.
- 20 June 1923 HMCS Brunswicker, a current day Naval Reserve Division, was raised as a RCN Volunteer Reserve half-company in Saint John, NB.
- 20 June 1942 HMCS Edmundston (corvette) rescues 31 crewmembers from the SS Fort Camosun that had been disabled by a Japanese submarine near the Washington coast.
- 21 June 1749 A military expedition led by Colonel Edward Cornwallis arrives at the harbour at Chebucto, NS and establishes the Halifax military base.
- 21 June 1940 HMCS Fraser evacuates Free French troops and future Canadian Governor-General, Lieutenant-Colonel G.P. Vanier, from France.
- 21 June 1940 The National Resources Mobilization Act is passed provides for conscription for home defence and registration of all adult males and females.
- 21 June 2001 Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson unveils the National Aboriginal Monument, Ottawa, to commemorate the sacrifice of aboriginals in both world wars and Korea.
- 22 June 1940 The last class of RCN Volunteer Reserve officers graduate from HMCS Stone Frigate.
- 22 June 1967 HMCS ONONDAGA (submarine) commissioned at Chatham Dockyards.
- 23 June 1919 The Air Board is formed in Canada to control all aspects of aviation, including military.
- 23 June 1961 The Antarctic Treaty comes into force. The continent is declared a scientific reserve and military activity is banned.
- 23 June 1968 HMCS OKANAGAN (submarine) commissioned at Chatham Dockyards.
- 23 June 1995 HMCS Winnipeg Commissioned at Esquimalt BC.
- 24 June 1762 A French fleet commanded by Chevalier de Ternay captures Bay Bulls and St. John’s, Newfoundland.
- 24 June 1943 HMCS Sault Ste. Marie is commissioned as the first Algerine-class minesweeper produced for the RCN.
- 24 June 1944 HMCS Haida commanded by Cdr Harry G. DeWolf, DSO, RCN, with HMS Eskimo and a Royal Air Force patrol aircraft sink the German submarine U-971 in the English Channel.
- 25 June 1940 HMCS Fraser is lost with 47 crew lost after colliding with a British warship, HMS Calcutta in the Bay of Biscay.
- 25 June 1965 RAdm Walter Hose is buried at Windsor, Ont. Considered the founding sponsor of the RCNVR & Naval Reserves post-RNCVR.
- 25 June 1950 North Korean forces cross the 38th Parallel and invade South Korea and the Korean War starts; nearly 27,000 Canadians serve, 1,558 are wounded, 516 die.
- 25 June 1963 HMCS Assiniboine is recommissioned as the RCN’s first helicopter-carrying destroyer.
- 25 June 1994 HMCS SAGUENAY is sunk off Lunenburg as a diving park.
- 26 June 1923 HMCS Queen, a current day Naval Reserve Division, was raised as a RCN Volunteer Reserve half-company in Regina.
- 26 June 1959 Canadian warships assigned to Atlantic Command participate in the opening ceremonies of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
- 27 June 1918 Fourteen nursing sisters are among the 234 who die when the Canadian hospital ship HMHS Llandovery Castle is torpedoed by a U-boat.
- 28 June 1922 The National Defence Act is passed, incorporating the Department of the Naval Service, the Department of Militia and Defence and the Air Board as a new Department of National Defence.
- 28 June 1977 HMCS Huron (2nd) represents Canada at the Silver Jubilee naval review at Spithead.
- 28 June 2001 Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson officially dedicates the National Military Cemetery of the Canadian Forces at Beechwood Cemetery, Ottawa.
- 29 June 1992 HMCS Halifax is commissioned as the first of the new Canadian Patrol Frigates
- 30 June 1921 HMC Submarines CH-14 and CH-15 are paid off.
- 30 June 1941 HMCS Wasaga is commissioned, becoming the first Canadian-built Bangor-class minesweeper.
- 30 June 1950 The Canadian Parliament supports the government motion to assist the United Nations in its position on the Korean situation.