NAC News – Edition 360
Your weekly national and international naval news for the week of June 5th 2020
Edition – 360 “I am concerned…that the massive infusion of dollars into the economy by the Congress and the executive branch, nearly $3 trillion, may throw us off that course [to make the shift to implement the National Defense Strategy].”
May 4, 2020 Secretary of Defense Mark Esper
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- ★ Listen in while NAC Ottawa senior member Alex Polowin is interviewed at 9:30 am (Ottawa time) on Saturday 6 June by Local CFRA Radio about his experiences as a young sailor in the RCN during the Battle of the Atlantic, and specifically during the lead up to and during the D-Day landings. Alex was an Able Seaman in HMCS Huron.
- NAC National AGM: Tuesday 16 June 2020 at 1200 Ottawa time (via GoToMeeting) Details including background material, agenda, and proxy nomination/ballot forms are posted to the NAC National website.
- Navy Bike Ride 2020 – Battle of the Atlantic Challenge: This is a virtual event and you can register thru the summer. The event runs 13 June to 30 August 2020. Check it out! While the original one-day ride event was cancelled, this virtual bike ride event is a great opportunity to support your Navy, support their charities of choice and keep fit. Check it out! Your NAC will be a sponsor! And it is free! (but do feel free to step up and buy the tee!)
- ★ Conference calamity: Thousands of jobs wiped out as business events grind to a halt because of COVID-19 (Editor – The NAC is not alone in this dilemma)
- Vanguard Launches First-Ever Canadian Submarine Event (Editor – The next big RCN procurement challenge! The Deep Blue 2020 Forum, a one-day event, will take place on 29 October 2020, details to follow)
- Naval Association of Canada Ottawa Branch presentation “The RCN’s Capital Equipment Priorities & Projects” by Commodore Chris Robinson, Director-General Naval Force Development, 1 June 2020 (Editor – regrettably the text is not included but the worthwhile slides are mostly self-explanatory)
- Royal Canadian Navy – Ready to resume Activities (Editor – CRCN 6:43 min video)
- Search concludes for crashed chopper and lost Canadian service members
- U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Navy and Royal Canadian Navy Strengthen Partnerships Through Strategic Plan
- Canadian Navy awards Zodiac Hurricane Technologies for acquisition of 30 multi-role inflatable boats
- Defence Team News – 31 May 2020 (Editor – Interview with VDQ CO in this 2:48 min video)
- Tomb of the Unknown Soldier turns 20
- Injured vets waiting twice as long as promised to learn if they qualify for aid
- ★ The overzealous skipper (Editor – interesting perspective and a cautionary tale)
- Royal Canadian Mint – 2020 75th Anniversary of the End of the Second World War Celebration Collection (Editor – the RCN coin looks particularly nice)
- Troops on pandemic duty to get benefits paid to soldiers serving abroad
- Canada Defers Cruise Season, Cancels in the Arctic
- Magnificent Avenger PREVIEW (Editor – 3:16 min video)
USA & AMERICAS
- USNI News Fleet and Marine Tracker: June 1, 2020
- General Atomics EMALS, AAG Systems Achieves 3,000 Aircraft Launch and Recovery Milestone Aboard USS Gerald R. Ford
- Trump Administration Moves to Revoke Hong Kong’s Trade Status
- Exercise to unite four combatant commands to test homeland defenses for the first time
- The Navy’s ‘Light Amphibious Warship’ Will Sink Without Better Justification
- U.S. Navy Final P-3C Orion MPA Squadron Completes Transition to P-8A Poseidon
- Just How Powerful is LRASM Anti-ship Missile (Editor – impressive 10 min video)
- Report on Navy Laser, Railgun and Gun-Launched Guided Projectiles
- Squadron Removed from Gerald R. Ford Due to COVID-19 Scare
- Giant Ore Carrier Stellar Banner Refloated Off Brazil
- US Sanctions Four Shipping Firms for Transporting Venezuelan Oil
- International naval operation nets 50 tonnes of cocaine in 45 days
- China’s first home-made aircraft carrier the Shandong begins sea trials
- USS Theodore Roosevelt Back in Guam Picking up Remaining Sailors Before Resuming Deployment
- USS Russell Transits Taiwan Strait
- Increasing Indo-Pacific nuclear boats and the impact on strategic stability
- Russia’s Pacific Fleet To Get 15 New Vessels In 2020
- US Navy Eyes Return to Subic Bay in a Commercial Deal
- Philippines hesitates to boot US troops
- Cambodia’s Hun Sen Denies Chinese Naval Base Again—But What’s Really Happening?
- Computers Told Taiwan’s Leaders They Could Sink Less Than Half Of A Chinese Invasion Fleet. Now Taipei’s Shopping For New Missiles.
- German Navy Postpones ‘Hamburg’ Frigate Deployment To Indian Ocean
- India open to including Australia in Malabar naval exercise
- Taiwan’s Coast Guard Launches And Christens Its Largest Vessel To Date
- USAF Global Hawks return to Japan, continue regional ISR support
- CIMSEC: the strategic littoral geography of southeast Asia (Editor – very useful map)
- The assumption of access in the Western Pacific
- ASC looks to additive manufacturing for Collins repairs
- Mine the littorals and chokepoints: mine warfare in support of sea control
- Oil Tankers Queuing Off Chinese Coast Evidence of Rapid Rebound
- Australia lays charges against APL England’s master over container spill
- European maritime force supports NATO patrols in Mediterranean
- Russia’s Northern Fleet Commander announces war games outside Norway
- French Navy’s Sixth FREMM Frigate Normandie Enters Active Service
- Sevmash Shipyard Handed Over Borei-A-class SSBN ‘Knyaz Vladimir’ to Russian Navy
- 6 Types Of Submarines: The Russian Navy’s Extreme Modernization
- Deep Trouble: Russia Finally Moves To Raise Radioactive Debris From Arctic Waters
- First Sea Lord Pays Milestone Visit To Lightning Force
- Photos: How the Royal Marines Board a Ship
- Navy Trainees Complete First Phase Of Submariner Course
- CIMSEC: Let me get this strait: the Turkish straits question revisited
- CIMSEC Sea Control 180 – narrow seas: the Black Sea with Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges (ret.) (Editor – 34:02 min interview dialogue)
- Air Force Reveals B-1Bs Were Practicing Decapitating Russia’s Black Sea Fleet Last Week
- ★ Unique Arctic Journey for Russian LNG Carrier
- Arctic Circle oil spill prompts Putin to declare state of emergency
- World’s Largest Megaship Arrives in Europe
- Iran Ready to Continue Fuel Shipments to Venezuela
- ★ Qatar Launches Largest LNG Shipbuilding Program in History at Korean Yards
- Ex-ministers, ambassadors call on Trudeau to push back against Israeli annexation plan
- CIMSEC: An emerging strategic geometry – thawing chokepoints and littorals in the Arctic
- CIMSEC: there are no strategic chokepoints
- ★ Ocean Shipping Slows Down as Pandemic Pummels Retailers
- Inmarsat Extends Seafarer Support
- Panama Threatens Sanctions For Ships Disabling Positioning Signals
- Naval News Monthly Recap – May 2020 (Editor – flashy 5:51 min video)
- Support surges to keep ports open during COVID-19
- Tribal Class – Guide 025 (Editor – 6:39 min video)
- Carrier Flying A Royal Navy Instructional Film (1946) (Editor – for the Tailhook cadre, even further back in time in this 28:20 min video)
- Raising Steam:Naval Instructional Film A76 (1942) (Editor – it’s funny over time what’s changed, and what’s the same! 21:11 min video)
- Minelaying (1976) (Editor – topical 18:18 min video)
- Submarine Patrol (1943) (Editor – one for the Submariners in this 9:59 min video)
SIGNIFICANT RCN DATES – JUNE ( A busy month!)
(If you see any omissions or errors please inform me, and any more modern significant dates are also welcomed. The list draws primarily from the Directory of History and Heritage’s comprehensive “Significant Dates in Canadian Military History”, the now defunct “Canada Channel”, “Legion Magazine”, Roger Litwiller’s excellent web site, the encyclopedic guidance from Fraser McKee, and anywhere else I can find credible information.)
- 1 June 1758 Vice Admiral Edward Boscawen of the Royal Navy arrives at Gabarus Bay, 10 km west of Louisbourg, just after midnight in dense fog from Halifax, Nova Scotia; with thirty nine warships, supply ships and ten transports, crowded with 13,000 regular troops, Highlanders, light infantry, rangers, and colonial militia. The expedition is commanded by Maj Gan General Jeffery Amherst, with his field commander, Brig Gen James Wolfe; the British do not attempt to land troops until June 8 because of heavy surf.
- 1 June 1758 – A British fleet, under Admiral Saunders, leaves Louisbourg for Quebec carrying James Wolfe and his army.
- 1 June 1813 HMS Shannon, Captain Philip Broke, captures USS Chesapeake, Captain James Lawrence, in a 15 minute fire fight off Boston harbour; tows her to Halifax; naval battle sees 48 American sailors killed, 23 British. Boston, Massachusetts
- 1 June 1831 Sir James Ross first discovers the position of the North Magnetic Pole on the west coast of Boothia Peninsula; takes possession of the North Magnetic Pole and adjoining territory in the name of King William IV, and erects a cairn; spends his third Arctic winter in Victoria Harbour. Boothia, Nunavut
- 1 June 1840 Samuel Cunard navigates his 700 ton wooden paddlewheel steamer Unicorn to Halifax; after two week trip from Liverpool with 27 passengers. Halifax, Nova Scotia
- 1 June 1876 The Royal Military College of Canada opens in Kingston, Ontario, with a class of eighteen cadets.
- 1 June 1943 HMCS Conestoga is commissioned in Galt, Ontario, as the Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service training establishment.
- 1 June 1943 The first German mines are swept in the approaches to Halifax harbour.
- 1 June 1968 Canada signs Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty along with the US, Britain, USSR and 57 other countries. United Nations, New York
- 1 June 2004 United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti assumes responsibility for supporting transitional government and reforming national police force; Canadian police and military personnel to play a major role. Port-au-Prince, Haiti
- 2 June 1891 Shipping – RMS Empress of Japan is the second of the Canadian Pacific Steamships “Empress” ships to arrive at Vancouver harbour, via the Suez Canal and Hong Kong; Canadian Pacific Steamships had signed a contract for subsidized mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada. Vancouver, BC
- 3 June 1910 The Honourable Louis P. Brodeur is appointed the first Minister of the Naval Service.
- 3 June 1963 Canada declares 12 Mile Limit; (19.3 km) exclusive fisheries zone off the Canadian coast; effective May, 1964. Ottawa, Ontario
- 3 June 1991 Letters Patents are published for an insignia denoting Mentions in Despatches.
- 4 June 1742 The first warship built in New France called the CANADA is launched.
- 4 June 1812 US Congress votes for war against Britain; the conflict will begin June 18, 1812, when President James Madison officially proclaims the United States to be at war.
- 4 June 1976 Canada declares it is extending its 12-nautical-mile coastal fishing zone to 370 km (200 nautical miles) offshore fisheries jurisdiction zone, effective January 1, 1977; mature northern cod were estimated at 75 million, down from 900 million in 1962; Canada to set numbers of fish harvested and quotas for foreign fleets, because fish stocks are being depleted by new technologies such as sonar and freezing facilities which let the ships stay at sea longer.
- 5 June 1741 -Vitus Bering sails from Kamchatka Peninsula to explore North America.
- 5 June 1792 Spanish navigators Dionisio Galiano and Cayetano Valdés leave Nootka Sound and sail into the Strait of Juan de Fuca, reaching Puerto de Núñez Gaona (Neah Bay, Washington), where a Spanish post is being built by Salvador Fidalgo.
- 5 June 1944 Sixteen RCN minesweepers help clear the English Channel in preparation for the D-Day landings.
- 6 June 1943 HMCS Prince Robert is recommissioned as an anti-aircraft cruiser.
- 6 June 1944 Approximately one hundred and ten Canadian warships participate in the Allied landings in Normandy.
- 7 June 1942 The US merchant ship Coast Trader torpedoed by Japanese Navy submarine I-26 in the Strait of Juan de Fuca inside Canadian waters; the vessel had set off from Port Angeles, Washington, bound for San Francisco with a cargo of 1,250 tons of newsprint in its hold; wreck discovered in 2013 survey by the Canadian Hydrographic Service, organized by Titanic discoverer Robert Ballard, using a remote-controlled robotic submarine; the same Japanese submarine will shell the Estevan Point lighthouse a few days later.
- 7 June 1958 HMCS Restigouche is commissioned as the first of a class of destroyer escorts meant to replace the St. Laurent class.
- 7 June 1965 Department of National Defence replaces navy, army, and air force commands with six functional commands. Ottawa, Ontario
- 8 June 1893 Steamship Mower arrives in Victoria B.C. from Sydney, Australia; first steamer of the Canadian Australian Line.
- 9 June 1789 Spanish captain Estebán José Martínez captures trader John Meares’ schooner Northwest America in Nootka Sound near Vancouver Island.
- 9 June 1941 World War II – HMCS Saskatoon is commissioned in Esquimalt.
- 9 June 1944 HMCS Haida commanded by Cdr Harry G. DeWolf, DSO, RCN, HMCS Huron commanded by LCdr Herbert S. Rayner, DSC, RCN, and other destroyers from the 10th Destroyer Flotilla sank the German destroyers ZH1 and Z32 in the English Channel.
- 10 June 1803 Warship HMS Dart carries the so-called Garrison clock (“old town clock”) to Halifax, N.S.; ordered by Prince Edward, it will be installed October 20 in a building built for it on the eastern slope of Citadel Hill.
- 10 June 1878 Fort Rodd Hill built to protect Esquimalt in the event of a war with Russia.
- 10 June 1910 Rear-Admiral Charles E. Kingsmill, RN (Retired), is appointed the Director of the Naval Service.
- 10 June 1931 HMCS SKEENA commissioned at Portsmouth – one of the first ships built for the RCN.
- 10 June 1940 The Canadian government declares war on Italy.
- 11 June 1813 Nova Scotia privateering vessel, Liverpool Packet, owned by Enos Collins and associates, is captured by American privateer schooner Thomas; the schooner is re-named the Portsmouth Packet, until it is regained by HMS Fantome and HMS Epervier after a 13-hour chase, in October 1813.
- 11 June 1940 Canadian warships come under fire for the first time when HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche encounter German warships at St. Valery en Caux.
- 11 June 1940 HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche evacuate military personnel from Le Havre, France, exchanging gunfire with German artillery batteries in the process.
- 11 June 1944 HMCS Sioux commanded by A/LCdr Eric E.G. Boak, RCN with Polish destroyers sank (schnellboot) S-136 off Normandy.
- 11 June 1999 The United Nations sets up peacekeeping mission, including 600 Canadians consisting of HMCS Protecteur, an infantry company, and transport planes to support the mission in East Timor. Operation Toucan will help organize elections, support the new government and establish the rule of law; Canadian participation ends February 23, 2000.
- 13 June 1940 The Honourable Charles Gavan Power is appointed Minister of Department of National Defence.
- 13 June 1941 Newfoundland’s sea defences are brought under Canadian control with the appointment of Commodore L.W. Murray, RCN, as the commander of Newfoundland Force.
- 14 June 1941 Warships of the Newfoundland Escort Force begin convoy escort operations in the North Atlantic Ocean.
- 15 June 1920 The demobilization of the wartime RCN is completed with the disbandment of the Royal Navy Canadian Volunteer Reserve.
- 15 June 1938 – HMCS Ottawa is commissioned at Chatham, England.
- 15 June 1940 The Erik Boye is sunk by submarine U38 in passage off Land’s End thereby becoming the first Canadian flagged merchant ship to be sunk as a casualty of the Battle of the Atlantic.
- 16 June 1921 The Royal Naval College of Canada is closed.
- 16 June 1943 HMCS Waskesiu is commissioned into the RCN, becoming the first of sixty RCN frigates built in Canada.
- 17 June 1991 The Government of Canada announces the Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea and the Gulf and Kuwait medal.
- 19 June 1812 The United States formally declares war against Great Britain.
- 19 June 1951 HMCS Cayuga begins the second of three tours to Korea.
- 20 June 1923 HMCS Brunswicker, a current day Naval Reserve Division, was raised as a RCN Volunteer Reserve half-company in Saint John, NB.
- 20 June 1942 HMCS Edmundston (corvette) rescues 31 crewmembers from the SS Fort Camosun that had been disabled by a Japanese submarine near the Washington coast.
- 21 June 1749 A military expedition led by Colonel Edward Cornwallis arrives at the harbour at Chebucto, NS and establishes the Halifax military base.
- 21 June 1940 HMCS Fraser evacuates Free French troops and future Canadian Governor-General, Lieutenant-Colonel G.P. Vanier, from France.
- 21 June 1940 The National Resources Mobilization Act is passed provides for conscription for home defence and registration of all adult males and females.
- 21 June 2001 Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson unveils the National Aboriginal Monument, Ottawa, to commemorate the sacrifice of aboriginals in both world wars and Korea.
- 22 June 1940 The last class of RCN Volunteer Reserve officers graduate from HMCS Stone Frigate.
- 22 June 1967 HMCS ONONDAGA (submarine) commissioned at Chatham Dockyards.
- 23 June 1919 The Air Board is formed in Canada to control all aspects of aviation, including military.
- 23 June 1961 The Antarctic Treaty comes into force. The continent is declared a scientific reserve and military activity is banned.
- 23 June 1968 HMCS OKANAGAN (submarine) commissioned at Chatham Dockyards.
- 23 June 1995 HMCS Winnipeg Commissioned at Esquimalt BC.
- 24 June 1762 A French fleet commanded by Chevalier de Ternay captures Bay Bulls and St. John’s, Newfoundland.
- 24 June 1943 HMCS Sault Ste. Marie is commissioned as the first Algerine-class minesweeper produced for the RCN.
- 24 June 1944 HMCS Haida commanded by Cdr Harry G. DeWolf, DSO, RCN, with HMS Eskimo and a Royal Air Force patrol aircraft sink the German submarine U-971 in the English Channel.
- 25 June 1940 HMCS Fraser is lost with 47 crew lost after colliding with a British warship, HMS Calcutta in the Bay of Biscay.
- 25 June 1965 RAdm Walter Hose is buried at Windsor, Ont. Considered the founding sponsor of the RCNVR & Naval Reserves post-RNCVR.
- 25 June 1950 North Korean forces cross the 38th Parallel and invade South Korea and the Korean War starts; nearly 27,000 Canadians serve, 1,558 are wounded, 516 die.
- 25 June 1963 HMCS Assiniboine is recommissioned as the RCN’s first helicopter-carrying destroyer.
- 25 June 1994 HMCS SAGUENAY is sunk off Lunenburg as a diving park.
- 26 June 1923 HMCS Queen, a current day Naval Reserve Division, was raised as a RCN Volunteer Reserve half-company in Regina.
- 26 June 1959 Canadian warships assigned to Atlantic Command participate in the opening ceremonies of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
- 27 June 1918 Fourteen nursing sisters are among the 234 who die when the Canadian hospital ship HMHS Llandovery Castle is torpedoed by a U-boat.
- 28 June 1922 The National Defence Act is passed, incorporating the Department of the Naval Service, the Department of Militia and Defence and the Air Board as a new Department of National Defence.
- 28 June 1977 HMCS Huron (2nd) represents Canada at the Silver Jubilee naval review at Spithead.
- 28 June 2001 Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson officially dedicates the National Military Cemetery of the Canadian Forces at Beechwood Cemetery, Ottawa.
- 29 June 1992 HMCS Halifax is commissioned as the first of the new Canadian Patrol Frigates
- 30 June 1921 HMC Submarines CH-14 and CH-15 are paid off.
- 30 June 1941 HMCS Wasaga is commissioned, becoming the first Canadian-built Bangor-class minesweeper.
- 30 June 1950 The Canadian Parliament supports the government motion to assist the United Nations in its position on the Korean situation.